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Origanum sp. and Salvia sp. : integrated breeding research to improve homogeneity and quality of multifunctional secondary plant products

Abstract
The food and pharmaceutical industry is more and more demanding homogeneous high quality raw material for a better standardization of their high quality output products. In aromatic and medicinal plants this aim could only be reached punctually (e.g. in chamomile). Several Lamiaceae, used as aromatic and medicinal plants, contain essential oils and diterpenes with marked antimicrobial and antioxidant properties. These secondary metabolites have potential applications in a number of important areas, including food & beverages (flavorings), agroculture & horticulture (disease prevention) and pharmaceuticals & cosmetics (spoilage prevention). New applications in the nutraceutical field are now being realised for antioxidants wherein they act as ptrotectants of key polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAS) in mammalian tissues and organs. The objective is to screen a collection of genotypes of plants grown in this project to learn about the genetic and environmental variability of secondary metabolites important for above mentioned activities. A hybrid breeding system will improve homogeneous quality and can now be applied to marjoram (Origanum majorana L.). Genetic melioration of oregano species (Origanum sp.) and two sage species (Salvia officinalis L. and Salvia fruticosa Miller) will be performed by using a selection program of selfings of chemotypes. Although the main cultivation areas of marjoram in Europe are located in Central Europe (Germany and France), the seed production should be transferred to and established in Mediterranean regions, where perennial production of marjoram is possible and an increase of seed production by the factor 2 to 3 compared to annual production seems likely, but is not proven yet. Marjoram is continouosly producing seeds over a long period, so optimum harvest dates have to be investigated.
Coordination in general
Franz Chlodwig
Duration
01.02.97-03.05.00
Type of Research
Applied research
Vetmed Research Units
Institute of Animal Nutrition and Functional Plant Compounds
Projekt partner
Contact: PD Dr. Friedrich Pank
Bundesanstalt für Züchtungsforschung an Kulturpflanzen, Neuer Weg, 22-23, Quedlinburg, Germany
Istituto Sperimentale per l'Assestamento Forestale e per l'Alpicoltura, Piazza Nicolini, 6, I Villazzano di Trento, Italy
Contact: Dr. Wolfram Junghanns
MAWEA, Majoranweg, D Aschersleben, Germany
Contact: Melpomeni Skoula
Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Chania, Alsyllion Agrokepiou - P.O. Box 85, GR Chania, Greece
SAC - Scottish Agricultural College, Auchincruive, GB Ayr, United Kingdom
Contact: Dr. Leon Van Niekerk
S.C. Darbonne, Bld. Joffre, 6 - P.O.Box 8, F Milly-La-Foret, France
Contact: Prof. Dr. Vittorio Marzi
Università degli Studi di Bari, Via Giovanni Amendola, 165A, I Bari, Italy
Funded by
EU (Kommission der Europäischen Union), Rue de la Loi, Brussels, European Union
29 Publications

Mitteregger, U; Lukas, B; Michitsch, H; Novak, J; Franz, C (2007): Intrageneric and intraspecific variability of arbutin in Origanum (Lamiaceae). 117-117.-I. International medicinal and aromatic plants conference on culinary herbs; 29.04.-04.05.2007; Antalya.

Novak, J; Mitteregger, U; Lukas, B; Franz, C (2007): The influence of temperature on the composition of essential oil compounds of Origanum sp. (Lamiaceae). 116-116.-I. International medicinal and aromatic plants conference on culinary herbs; 29.04.-04.05.2007; Antalya.

Novak, J; Lukas, B; Bolzer, K; Grausgruber-Gröger, S; Degenhardt, J (2007): Identification and characterization of SSR-markers from a glandular Origanum vulgareEST. 113-113.-I. International medicinal and aromatic plants conference on culinary herbs; 29.04.-04.05.2007; Antalya.

Novak, J (2007): Einfluss der Umwelt auf Ertrag und Qualität von Oregano und Salbei. 17. Bernburger Winterseminar für Arznei- und Gewürzpflanzen; 20.-21.02.2007; Bernburg-Strenzfeld. 2007.

Novak, J (2004): Polymorphisms of cis-sabinene hydrate and cis-sabinene hydrate acetate in a species hybrid between marjoram and oregano. III. International Symposium Breeding Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Campinas, Brasilien, 05.-08.07.2004. III. International Symposium Breeding Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Campinas, Brasilien, 05.-08.07.2004.

Aiello, N; Scartezzini, F; Vender, C; D'Andrea, L; Novak, J (2000): Resa in droga, in olio e qualitá dell'olio essenziale di quattro tipi di maggiorana coltivati in due localitá del Trentino. ISAFA Communicazioni di Ricerca (2000) 9-20.

Novak, J; Pank, F; Langbehn, J; Blüthner, WD; Vender, C; Van Niekerk, L; Junghanns, W; Franz, C (2004): Determination of growing location of marjoram (Origanum majorana L.) samples by comparison of essential oil profiles. Flavour and Fragrance Journal (19) 263-267.

Novak, J (2002): Repeated measurement analysis as tool in essential oil research. 34th International Symposium on Essential Oils, Lissabon, Portugal, 4.-7.9.2002. 34th International Symposium on Essential Oils, Lissabon, Portugal, 4.-7.9.2002.

Novak, J (2001): Stability of essential oil compositions. 33rd International Symposium on Essential Oils, Wroclaw, Polen, 9.-12.9.2001. 33rd International Symposium on Essential Oils, Wroclaw, Polen, 9.-12.9.2001.

Novak, J (2001): Chemical polymorphisms in the essential oil composition of sage (Salvia officinalis L.). EUCARPIA -XVI Genetic Resources Section Symposium, Poznan, Polen, 16.-19.5.2001. EUCARPIA -XVI Genetic Resources Section Symposium, Poznan, Polen, 16.-19.5.2001.

Novak, J (2000): Combination ability of Origanum majorana L. experimental hybrids: sensorial parameters and correlations to the composition of the essential oil. 2nd Symposium on Breeding Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Chania, Griechenland, 9.-14.7.2000. 2nd Symposium on Breeding Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Chania, Griechenland, 9.-14.7.2000.

Novak, J (2002): Enantiomere und deren Bedeutung in Komponenten des ätherischen Öles von Gewürzen. Symposium Aktuelle Aspekte der Technologie von Kräutern und Gewürzen II, Gesellschaft Deutscher Lebensmitteltechnologen, Giessen, Deutschland, 23.-25.9.2002. Symposium Aktuelle Aspekte der Technologie von Kräutern und Gewürzen II, Gesellschaft Deutscher Lebensmitteltechnologen, Giessen, Deutschland, 23.-25.9.2002.

Novak, J (2003): Züchterische Erfahrung mit Oregano. Züchtung von Arznei- und Gewürzpflanzen mit antimikrobiellem und antioxidativem Potenzial, Quedlinburg, Deutschland, 30.10.2003. Züchtung von Arznei- und Gewürzpflanzen mit antimikrobiellem und antioxidativem Potenzial, Quedlinburg, Deutschland, 30.10.2003.

Novak, J (2003): Antioxidative Variabilität verschiedener Herkünfte aus der Gattung Origanum. Züchtung von Arznei- und Gewürzpflanzen mit antimikrobiellem und antioxidativem Potenzial, Quedlinburg, Deutschland, 30.10.2003. Züchtung von Arznei- und Gewürzpflanzen mit antimikrobiellem und antioxidativem Potenzial, Quedlinburg, Deutschland, 30.10.2003.

Novak, J (2003): Improving Raw Material Quality of Plants Producing Secondary Metabolites. Habilitationsschrift, Vet. Med. Univ. Wien, pp. 150.

Novak, J; Grausgruber, H; Pank F; Langbehn, J. Blüthner, WD; Vender, C; Van Niekerk, L; Junghanns, W; Franz, C (2003): Stability of hybrid combinations of marjoram (Origanum majorana L.). Flavour and Fragrance Journal (18) 401-406.

Suttner, H. K (2000): Einfluß der Temperatur und einer Antibiotikum-Behandlung auf die männliche Sterilität sowie auf den Gehalt und die Zusammensetzung des ätherischen Öles von Majoran (Origanum majorana L.) und Oregano (Origanum vulgare L.). Diplomarbeit, Univ. für Bodenkultur Wien, pp. 144.

Novak, J; Bitsch, C; Langbehn, J; Pank, F; Skoula, M; Gotsiou, Y; M Franz C, (2000): Ratios of cis- and trans-Sabinene Hydrate in Origanum majorana L. and Origanum microphyllum (Bentham) Vogel. Biochem Syst Ecol (28), 7 697-704.

Marchart, R (2000): Kombinationseignung ausgewählter Herkünfte zur Entwicklung eines Hybridsortensystems bei Majoran (Origanum majorana L.). Diplomarbeit, Univ. für Bodenkultur Wien, pp. 131.

Novak, J; Pank, F; Langbehn, J; Blüthner, W.-D; Vender, C; Van Niekerk, L; Junghanns, W; Franz, Ch (2002): Determination of the growing location of marjoram (Origanum majorana L.) samples by comparison of essential oil profiles. 33rd International Symposium on Essential Oils, Lisboa, Portugal, 1.9. - 4.9.2002. 33rd International Symposium on Essential Oils, Lisboa, Portugal, 1.9. - 4.9.2002.

Novak, J; Franz, Ch (2002): Repeated measurement analysis as tool in essential oil research. 33rd International Symposium on Essential Oils, Lisboa, Portugal, 1.9. - 4.9.2002. 33rd International Symposium on Essential Oils, Lisboa, Portugal, 1.9. - 4.9.2002.

Grassi, P; Novak, J; Steinlesberger, H; Franz, Ch (2002): Changing of terpene composition in single peltate trichomes of Salvia officinalis leaves by direct liquid, non-equilibrium SPME application. 33rd International Symposium on Essential Oils, Lisboa, Portugal, 1.9. - 4.9.2002. 33rd International Symposium on Essential Oils, Lisboa, Portugal, 1.9. - 4.9.2002.

Pank, F; Vender, C; Van Niekerk, L; Junghanns, W; Langbehn, J; Blüthner, WD; Novak, J; Franz, C (2002): Combining Ability of Origanum majorana L. Strains-Agronomical Traits and Essential Oil Content: Results of the Field Experiment Series in 1999. Journal of Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants (9), 2-3 31-37.

Langbehn, J; Pank, F; Novak, J; Franz, C (2002): Influence of Selection and Inbreeding on Origanum majorana L. Journal of Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants (9), 2-3 21-29.

Novak, J; Gimplinger, D; Franz, C (2002): Inheritance of calyx shape in the genus Origanum (Lamiaceae). Plant Breeding (121) 462-463.

Novak, J; Junghanns, W; Blüthner, WD; Marchart, R; Vender, C; Van Niekerk, L; Pank, F; Langbehn, J; Franz, Ch (2002): Combining Ability of Origanum majorana L. Hybrids: Sensorial Quality. Journal of Spices, Herbs & Medicinal Plants (9), 2-3 13-19.

Novak, J; Bitsch, C; Pank, F; Langbehn, J; Franz, C (2002): Distribution of the cis-sabinene hydrate acetate chemotype in accessions of marjoram (Origanum majorana L.). Euphytica (127) 69-74.

Gimplinger, DM (2001): Vererbungsstudien an der zweiten Tochtergeneration einer Kreuzung zwischen Origanum vulgare subspecies und Origanum majorana. Diplomarbeit, Univ. für Bodenkultur Wien, pp. 109.

Langbehn, J; Pank, F; Novak, J; Blüthner, WD; Franz, Ch; Junghanns, W; Vender, C (2001): Development of a hybrid variety system in majoram (Origanum majorana L.). Euphytica (118) 83-90.

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