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Thyme: establishment of a collection for plant breeding

Abstract
The uses of thyme (Thymus vulgaris L., Lamiaceae) have already a long tradition. The antimicrobial activity of the phenolic compounds is the basis of the medical uses: thyme is part in preparations to treat diseases of the respiratory tract and skin diseases. Due to the aromatic compounds also an utilization as spice is very common. New uses in veterinary medicine and as feed additive in animal production are very promising.
To ensure a sustainable supply with the plant raw material, field growing and the development of new well adapted varieties are essential. The natural variability is the basis of such work. Plants grown from seeds collected from wild populations in Southern France were tested under central European field conditions. Essential oils, flavonoids and suitability for plant production are the main features investigated. Concerning the essential oils a great variability could be found, according to the main compounds at least 6 different chemotypes are present. Plants rich in the phenolic compounds thymol and carvacrol are of interest for a use as medicinal drug.
Project leader
Franz Chlodwig
Duration
01.08.00-31.07.06
Type of Research
Applied research
Vetmed Research Units
Institute of Animal Nutrition and Functional Plant Compounds
Projekt partner
Bionorica, Arzneimittel GmbH, Kerschensteinerstr. 11-15, D Neumarkt/Opf., Germany
Funded by
Bionorica SE, Kerschensteinerstr. 11-15, 92318 Neumarkt/Opf., Germany
4 Publications

Chizzola, R; Bein-Lobmaier, B; Franz, C (2005): Variabilität im ätherischen Öl von südfranzösischen und spanischen Wildpopulationen des Thymians (Thymus vulgaris L.) und daraus erstellten Feldkulturen. Zeitschrift für Arznei- & Gewürzpflanzen - Journal of Medicinal & Spice Plants (10), 2 82-90.

Chizzola, R (2002): Biodiversité à petite échelle dans und région montagnarde méditerranéenne: l´exemple du thym (Thymus vulgaris L.). Actes du Congrès International Environnement et Identité en Méditerrannée: Tome 4: Environnement et Nature. Corte, Korsika, Université de Corse Pascal Paoli, pp. 315-325.

Chizzola, R; Bein, B; Franz, Ch (2002): Chemischer Polymorphismus von Thymianpopulationen. Workshop «Grundlagen der Thymian-Züchtung», Quedlinburg, Deutschland, 14.11.2002. Workshop «Grundlagen der Thymian-Züchtung», Quedlinburg, Deutschland, 14.11.2002.

Chizzola, R (2002): Biodiversity on small scale in a mediterranean mountain region : the example of thyme (Thymus vulgaris). Congrès International Environment et Identité en Méditerrannée, Corte, Corsica, 03.07.200. Congrès International Environment et Identité en Méditerrannée, Corte, Corsica, 03.07.200.

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