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Coping stragegies of cows in their stable and in artificial stress situations considering the effect of social bonds

Abstract
Keeping cattle in intensive housing systems is combined with stress due to crowding and competition. Space per cow is limited, herd size increases with the intensity of production and the composition of the herd changes frequently, which could result in a poor social behaviour of the animals. For adaptation to these environmental situation, cattle have to develop individual strategies to cope.
Since some years studies of social behaviour in farm animals have moved away from a dominant-subordinate classification. Questions of consistent behavioural characteristics or strategies based on the experience of each individual in agonistic and non-agonistic interactions are getting more attention. It has even been suggested that in terms of consequences for its physiological state and health, the strategy the animal adopts is probably more important than the actual social status achieved. Information on this topic in cattle is rare and incomplete. Additionally, little data exist in cattle on consistency in individual behavioural and physiological stress responses and the relation to above mentioned coping strategies.
The aim of this study is to evaluate fundamental behavioural and physiological data of different coping strategies in dairy and beef sucklers cows in consideration of social bonds. The knowledge of behaviour structures, individual coping strategies and social bonds in cattle may allow to predict and manipulate levels of behaviour, such as aggression, in social groups. Management and housing design could be improved in order to allow the cows to perform effective coping behaviour, thus reducing stress responses. These modifications would enhance farm animals welfare.
Statistik Austria science classification
402014         Animal husbandry
402015         Animal production
Lemma
Coping-Strategien von Kühen
Project leader
Waiblinger Susanne
Duration
01.01.99-31.12.01
Type of Research
Applied research
Staff
Palme R., Sub-project leader
Vetmed Research Units
Institute for Medical Biochemistry
Institute of Animal Welfare Science
Projekt partner
Ludwig Boltzmann Institut für Veterinärmedizinische Endokrinologie, Veterinärplatz 1, A Wien, Austria
Contact: Dr. Wolf-Dieter Kraetzl
Technische Universität München, Arcisstr. 21, 80333 München, Germany
Funded by
FWF - Fonds zur Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung, Wien, Austria

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12 Publications

Waiblinger, S; Cerny, D; Hofmann, R; Kraetzl, WD; Meyer, HH; Palme, R; Menke, C (2009): Effects of presence of a bonding partner on reactions in a challenging situation and health parameters in dairy cows. 94--102. Annual Meeting der Deutschen Zoologischen Gesellschaft; SEPT 25-28, 2009; Regensburg, GERMANY. Cremer, S., Schrempf, A., Heinze, J. (eds.);

Waiblinger, S; Razenberger, B; Kišac, P; Brouček, J (2008): The early social environment affects social behaviour of adult dairy cows. Ethologische Gesellschaft, Regensburg Meeting; Feb 20-22, 2008; Regensburg, GERMANY. 2008.

Waiblinger, S; Cerny, D; Hofmann, R; Kraetzl, WD; Meyer, HH; Palme, R; Menke, C (2007): Social bonds affect reactions in a challenging situation and relate to health in dairy cows. 94-94.-Konferenz der Ethologischen Gesellschaft; 23.-25.02.2007; Grünau.

Waiblinger, S; Cerny, D; Hofmann, R; Kraetzl, W.-D; Meyer, H.H; Palme, R; Menke, C (2006): Social bonds of dairy cows affect the reactions in a challenging situation and relate to health. International Congress of the ISAE, Bristol, 08.-12.08.2006. International Congress of the ISAE, Bristol, 08.-12.08.2006.

Mülleder, C; Palme, R; Menke, C; Waiblinger, S (2003): Individual differences in behaviour and in adrenocortical activity in beef-suckler cows. Applied Animal Behaviour Science (84), 3 167-183.

Waiblinger, S; Mülleder, C; Cerny, D; Kraetzl, W.-D; Meyer, H.H; Palme, R; Menke, C (2003): The relationship of social strategies and social bonds of cows to their basic activity, health and adrenocortical activity. Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour 2003 - Summermeeting, Grünau, Austria, Austria, 22.-25.7.2003. Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour 2003 - Summermeeting, Grünau, Austria, 22.-25.7.2003.

Mülleder, C; Palme, R; Menke, C; Waiblinger, S (2003): Differences in stress reactions of beef-suckler cows with different social strategies. 37th International Congress on the ISAE, Abano Terme, Italy, Italy, 24.-28.6.2003. 37th International Congress on the ISAE, Abano Terme, Italy, 24.-28.6.2003.

Mülleder C; Palme, R; Menke, C; Waiblinger, S (2002): Behavioural strategies of beef suckler cows in the social environment. In: Proceedings of the Joint East and West Central Europe ISAE Regional Meeting. Joint East and West Central Europe ISAE Regional Meeting, Prag, CZ, 18.-20. April 2002. Joint East and West Central Europe ISAE Regional Meeting, Prag, CZ, 18.-20. April 2002.

Hofmann, R; Menke, C; Palme, R; Kraetzl, WD; Meyer, HHD; Waiblinger, S (2002): Intersituationale Konsistenz individueller Stressreaktionen in Verhalten und physiologischen Parametern bei Milchkühen. IN: Kuratorium für Technik und Bauwesen in der Landwirtschaft [Hrsg.]: Aktuelle Arbeiten zur artgemäßen Tierhaltung 2001. Darmstadt, Deutschland, KTBL, pp. 9-16.

Mülleder, C; Waiblinger, S; Menke, C; Palme, R (2002): Verhaltensstrategien bei Mutterkühen im Sozialverband: Individuelle Unterschiede im Verhalten und in der Kortisolausscheidung. 15. Tagung der Fachgruppe Physiologie und Biochemie der Deutschen Veterinärmedizinischen Gesellschaft, Wien, Austria, Austria, 27.2.-1.3.2002. 15. Tagung der Fachgruppe Physiologie und Biochemie der Deutschen Veterinärmedizinischen Gesellschaft, Wien, Austria, 27.2.-1.3.2002.

Hofmann, R; Waiblinger, S; Palme, R; Menke, C; Kraetzl, W.-D; Meyer, H.H.D (2001): Untersuchungen zur intersituationalen Konsistenz von Verhaltens- und physiologischen Reaktionen von Milchkühen auf belastende Situationen.33. Int. Tagung Angewandte Ethologie, DVG, 15.-17. Nov. 2001, Freiburg i. Br. 33. Int. Tagung Angewandte Ethologie, DVG, Freiburg i. Br., 15.-17. Nov. 2001. 33. Int. Tagung Angewandte Ethologie, DVG, Freiburg i. Br., 15.-17. Nov. 2001.

Waiblinger, S; Cerny, D; Palme, R; Kraetzl, W.-D; Meyer, H.H.D; Menke, C (2001): Einfluß sozialer Strategien auf ethologische und physiologische Parameter in einer Herde von Milchkühen. 33. Int. Tagung Angewandte Ethologie, DVG, Freiburg i. Br., 15.-17. Nov. 2001. 33. Int. Tagung Angewandte Ethologie, DVG, Freiburg i. Br., 15.-17. Nov. 2001.

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