Cumulus cell-enclosed bovine oocytes in germinal vesicle (GV) and in metaphase II (MII) stages were cryopreserved. Different concentrations (1 M; 1.5 M) of various cryoprotectants (glycerol, PROH, DMSO) were tested. After thawing, the oocytes were exposed to various carbohydrates (sucrose, lactose, trehalose) at a concentration of 0.1 M and 0.25 M for cryoprotectant removal. Developmental capacity of the frozen-thawed oocytes was studied by in vitro maturation, fertilization and culture. We found no difference in subsequent development using glycerol or PROH for GV and MII oocytes. The DMSO treatment led to significantly better cleavage and development up to 4-cell stage in MII oocytes. Development beyond the 8-cell stage was obtained only when unmatured oocytes were frozen. No difference in the efficiency of the 3 cryoprotectants was detected in MII oocytes. However, in GV oocytes, glycerol and PROH yielded significantly better cleavage and 4-cell rate compared to DMSO (P<0.001). Influence of the concentration of a cryoprotectant on development was not observed in GV or MII oocytes. Among the 3 cryoprotectants, DMSO was less suitable, at both concentrations, than PROH and glycerol for the development of 6- to 8-cell stage embryos in the GV group. In the MII group, 1.5 M DMSO was as efficient as PROH and as glycerol at a 1.5-M concentration, and it was more efficient than 1 M glycerol. The use of carbohydrates during rehydration did not render a beneficial effect at either of the 2 concentrations, and when no carbohydrates were used in the MII group the oocytes cleaved better than GV oocytes.