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Gewählte Publikation:

Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Dokumenttyp: Originalarbeit

Jahr: 2010

AutorInnen: Saragusty, J; Walzer, C; Petit, T; Stalder, G; Horowitz, I; Hermes, R

Titel: Cooling and freezing of epididymal sperm in the common hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius).

Quelle: Theriogenology. 2010; 74(7):1256-1263

Autor/innen der Vetmeduni Vienna:

Stalder Gabrielle
Walzer Christian

Beteiligte Vetmed-Organisationseinheiten
Forschungsinstitut für Wildtierkunde und Ökologie

Knowledge concerning reproduction in common hippopotamus is scarce and in particular very little is known about male reproductive physiology and sperm cryopreservation. Testes were obtained from nine castrated bulls and sperm extracted from the epididymides of eight of these individuals. Mean ± SEM values of reproductive parameters were: testicular weight (including epididymis and tunicas)--275.9 ± 54.1 g, total sperm motility--88.1 ± 4.2%, total cells extracted--11.0 ± 3.6 × 10(9), intact acrosome--87.7 ± 1.8%, intact sperm morphology--51.6 ± 4.1%, and, for 3 individuals, hypoosmotic swelling test for membrane integrity-83.3 ± 1.8%. Chilled storage extenders tested were Berliner Cryomedium (BC), Biladyl(®), modification of Kenney modified Tyrode"s medium (KMT), and Human Sperm Refrigeration Medium (HSRM). Extender had significant effect on post-dilution motility and motility and intact morphology after 4h and 24h at 4°C (P ≤ 0.007 for all). Berliner Cryomedium and HSRM were superior to Biladyl(®) and KMT. Freezing extenders tested were BC with either 6% dimethyl sulfoxide (Me(2)SO), or 5%, 7%, or 10% glycerol. Post-thaw motility was < 5% in 3/7 bulls in all extenders. When frozen in BC with 6% Me(2)SO, one bull had 15% post-thaw motility and 3/7 had 20 to 60%. In glycerol, 3/7 had 15-30% post-thaw motility in 5%, 2/7 in 7%, and 1/7 in 10%. The extender had significant effect on post-chilling motility (P = 0.008), post-thaw morphology (P = 0.016), and motility 30 min after thawing (P = 0.015). Berliner Cryomedium with 6% Me(2)SO or 7% glycerol were the freezing extenders of choice. Information obtained in this study allows initiation of cryobanking of sperm from the common hippopotamus which is of particular importance for genetically valuable individuals.

Keywords Pubmed: Animals
Semen Preservation/methods
Semen Preservation/veterinary*
Sperm Motility/physiology
Sperm Retrieval/veterinary*

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