Y chromosome polymorphisms such as microsatellites or single nucleotide polymorphisms represent a paternal counterpart to mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) for evolutionary and phylogeographic studies. The use of Y chromosome haplotyping in natural populations of species other than humans is still hindered by the lack of sequence information necessary for polymorphism screening. Here we used representational difference analysis (RDA) followed by a screen of a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library for repetitive sequences to obtain polymorphic Y-chromosomal markers. The procedure was performed for the domestic horse (Equus caballus) and we report the first six Y-chromosomal microsatellite markers for this species. Three markers were also useful for haplotyping taxa of the zebra/ass lineage. Y-chromosomal microsatellite markers show a single haplotype in the domestic horse, whereas notable variation has been observed in the other members of the genus Equus.
Alleles* Animals Base Sequence Chromosomes, Artificial, Bacterial DNA Primers Databases, Genetic Electrophoresis, Agar Gel Horses/genetics* Male Microsatellite Repeats/genetics* Molecular Sequence Data Polymorphism, Genetic* Sequence Analysis, DNA Y Chromosome/genetics*