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Gewählte Publikation:

Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Dokumenttyp: Übersichtsarbeit

Jahr: 2011

AutorInnen: Franz, C; Chizzola, R; Novak, J; Sponza, S

Titel: Botanical species being used for manufacturing plant food supplements (PFS) and related products in the EU member states and selected third countries.

Quelle: Food Funct. 2011; 2(12):720-730

Autor/innen der Vetmeduni Vienna:

Chizzola Remigius
Franz Chlodwig
Novak Johannes
Sponza Silvia

Beteiligte Vetmed-Organisationseinheiten
Institut für Tierernährung und funktionelle Pflanzenstoffe

A great wealth of plants and plant derived preparations are used in the intention to supplement the basic nutrition in order to sustain and promote health. They may be used directly or consumed as manufactured plant food supplements (PFS) in dosed form. The use of these plants may already have a long tradition as fruit, vegetable or (folk) medicinal plants. Due to globalisation, more and more plants originating from all over the world are now offered and marketed in European countries, including species from China, South Africa and the American continent. For reasons of security, EU wide lists of plants accepted or prohibited to be used in food supplements are in elaboration. A crucial point is the correct identification of the plant material. The identity can be assessed by morphological, chemical and DNA specific methods. The active substances usable in PFS are secondary plant products that are often characteristic for certain plant groups (taxa), species or plant parts. They comprise not only polyphenols, essential oils, carotenoids and phytosterols, but also glucosinolates or saponins. The quality of the plant material used for PFS depends on a variety of factors, including the natural phytochemical, intraspecific variation with the occurrence of chemotypes, the ontogenetic variation, the considered plant parts and environmental influences during plant growth. In the production of the raw materials for PFS international standards (good agricultural practice, fair trade) should be applied.

Keywords Pubmed: Agriculture/methods
Dietary Supplements*/adverse effects
Dietary Supplements*/analysis
European Union*
Food Contamination
Food Handling
Legislation, Food*
Medicine, Traditional/adverse effects
Plant Preparations*/adverse effects
Plant Preparations*/analysis
Plants, Edible*/adverse effects
Plants, Edible*/chemistry
Plants, Edible*/classification
Plants, Medicinal/adverse effects
Plants, Medicinal/classification
South Africa

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