Due to an increasing number of diagnostic and therapeutic options, practical veterinarians are more often challenged to reflect on whether all available therapeutic possibilities should be exhausted. Veterinarians' and owners' responsibilities extend to new and far reaching issues that cannot be answered by referring to medical reasons alone. Therefore, an interdisciplinary research project funded by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) will elaborate uncertainties and insecurities, which are triggered by the use of high-tech, through empirical investigations. By means of a focus group study and a questionnaire-based survey, moral cornerstones of veterinary medicine and the explication of its moral infrastructure, what has been coined the internal morality of the veterinary medicine, will be elucidate. Hereby, relations between veterinarian, owner, and patient, the core concepts of veterinary medicine, and external influences are the three aspects that are key to veterinary ethics and will constitute the theoretical foundation for further empirical investigations. Thereby, the project will contribute to a better and empirically informed understanding of the present conflicts and ethical dilemmas veterinarians are faced with in their daily work.