Veterinärmedizinische Universität Wien Forschungsinformationssystem VetDoc

Grafischer Link zur Startseite der Vetmeduni Vienna

Gewählte Publikation:

Open Access Logo

Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Dokumenttyp: Originalarbeit

Jahr: 2021

AutorInnen: Sachslehner, AP; Surbek, M; Lachner, J; Paudel, S; Eckhart, L

Titel: Identification of chicken transglutaminase 1 and in situ localization of transglutaminase activity in avian skin and esophagus.

Quelle: Genes (Basel). 2021; 12(10):1565



Autor/innen der Vetmeduni Vienna:

Paudel Surya

Beteiligte Vetmed-Organisationseinheiten
Universitätsklinik für Geflügel und Fische, Klinische Abteilung für Geflügelmedizin


Abstract:
Transglutaminase 1 (TGM1) is a membrane-anchored enzyme that cross-links proteins during terminal differentiation of epidermal and esophageal keratinocytes in mammals. The current genome assembly of the chicken, which is a major model for avian skin biology, does not include an annotated region corresponding to TGM1. To close this gap of knowledge about the genetic control of avian cornification, we analyzed RNA-sequencing reads from organotypic chicken skin and identified TGM1 mRNA. By RT-PCR, we demonstrated that TGM1 is expressed in the skin and esophagus of chickens. The cysteine-rich sequence motif required for palmitoylation and membrane anchorage is conserved in the chicken TGM1 protein, and differentiated chicken keratinocytes display membrane-associated transglutaminase activity. Expression of TGM1 and prominent transglutaminase activity in the esophageal epithelium was also demonstrated in the zebra finch. Altogether, the results of this study indicate that TGM1 is conserved among birds and suggest that chicken keratinocytes may be a useful model for the study of TGM1 in non-mammalian cornification.


© Veterinärmedizinische Universität Wien Hilfe und DownloadsErklärung zur Barrierefreiheit