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Gewählte Publikation:

Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Dokumenttyp: Originalarbeit

Jahr: 1991

AutorInnen: von Hofe, E; Schmerold, I; Nims, RW; Keefer, LK; Reist, EJ; Kleihues, P

Titel: Beta-deuteration of N-nitrosoethylmethylamine causes a shift in DNA methylation from rat liver to esophagus.

Quelle: Carcinogenesis. 1991; 12(4):545-549



Autor/innen der Vetmeduni Vienna:

Schmerold Ivo

Beteiligte Vetmed-Organisationseinheiten
Institut für Pharmakologie und Toxikologie


Abstract:
While N-nitrosoethylmethylamine (NEMA) is carcinogenic primarily for the liver, its beta-trideuterated derivative, N-nitroso( [2-D3]ethyl)methylamine (NEMA-d3), also produces a high incidence of tumors in the esophagus. To determine whether this shift in organ specificity is associated with an altered pattern of DNA alkylation, [methyl-14C]- and [1-ethyl-14C]-labeled NEMA-d3 were administered to adult male Fischer 344 rats as a single i.p. dose (0.05 mmol/kg; 4 h survival). Levels of methylated and ethylated purines in the DNA of various organs were determined by radio-chromatography on Sephasorb-HP columns. When compared to previous data using undeuterated NEMA, 7-methylguanine levels were found to be reduced by approximately 30% in liver and kidney, but were 160% greater in esophagus. This resulted in a decrease in the 7-methylguanine ratio for liver/esophagus from 109 to 29. O6-Methylguanine was diminished in liver and kidney, but levels in lung and esophagus were too low for quantitative detection. Similarly, deuteration led to an 18% decrease of 7-ethylguanine in hepatic DNA. The observed increase in esophageal DNA methylation correlates with the increased carcinogenicity of NEMA-d3 relative to undeuterated NEMA in that organ. Since pharmacokinetic studies have shown that beta-trideuteration of NEMA does not alter its bioavailability, the data suggest that the observed shift in target organ results from isotopically-induced changes in the balance among competing metabolic pathways in different rat tissues.

Keywords Pubmed: Animals
Carbon Dioxide/metabolism
Carbon Radioisotopes
Chromatography/methods
DNA/metabolism*
Deuterium/metabolism*
Dimethylnitrosamine/analogs & derivatives*
Dimethylnitrosamine/metabolism
Esophagus/metabolism*
Guanine/analogs & derivatives
Guanine/metabolism
Kidney/metabolism
Liver/metabolism*
Lung/metabolism
Male
Methylation
Microsomes, Liver/metabolism
Nitrosamines/metabolism
Rats
Rats, Inbred F344


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