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Gewählte Publikation:

Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Dokumenttyp: Originalarbeit

Jahr: 2001

AutorInnen: Rabiee, AR; Macmillan, KL; Schwarzenberger, F

Titel: The effect of level of feed intake on progesterone clearance rate by measuring faecal progesterone metabolites in grazing dairy cows.

Quelle: Anim Reprod Sci. 2001; 67(3-4):205-214



Autor/innen der Vetmeduni Vienna:

Schwarzenberger Franz

Beteiligte Vetmed-Organisationseinheiten
Institut für Medizinische Biochemie


Zugehörige(s) Projekt(e): Untersuchungen über den Einfluß der Futtermenge auf den Progesteronmetabolismus bei Kühen (Zl. BCH-FS)


Abstract:
The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of level of feed intake of pasture on P4 clearance rates in dairy cows. Twelve non-lactating Holstein-Friesian cows aged 4-9 years were randomly allocated to a restricted or ad libitum group. The ad libitum group had unrestricted access to irrigated pasture, whereas the restricted group had access for only 2h per day. Each animal was drenched orally twice daily with a chromic oxide capsule to allow daily feed intake to be estimated from faecal output (FO). Endogenous progesterone (P4) production was eliminated by subcutanously implanting a capsule containing 6 mg of a potent GnRH-agonist (deslorelin) into the ear of each animal 3 weeks before inserting a CIDR device containing 1.9 g P4 into the vagina. Two luteolytic PGF2alpha were given 10 days later. Each device was removed after 11 days and residual P4 measured. Daily plasma samples were assayed for P4. Faecal samples were also taken daily and assayed for pregnanes (FP4M) containing a 20-oxo-, a 20alpha- or a 20beta-OH group with EIAs. The average daily dry matter (DM) intake of pasture was higher for cows in the ad libitum group (15.9 versus 6.3 kg DM, P=0.001). Their plasma P4 concentrations were lower (1.08 versus 1.71 ng/ml, P=0.05), even though the average residual P4 content of the used CIDR devices was not affected by feed intake (1.20 versus 1.25 g, P>0.05). The concentrations of FP4M were not affected by level of feed intake (20-oxo-: 3.3 versus 1.7, 20alpha-: 3.5 versus 3.7, 20beta-: 2.1 versus 3.2 microg/g DM). Daily excretion rates of 20-oxo- and 20alpha- were higher in ad libitum cows (20-oxo-: 17.8 versus 4.3mg per day, P=0.05; 20alpha-: 18.2 versus 8.9 mg per day, P=0.001), but daily yield of faecal 20beta- was not affected by feed intake (11.9 versus 8.6 mg per day, P=0.5). These results show that there was a negative relationship between feed intake and plasma P4 concentrations in these CIDR-treated GnRH-downregulated Holstein cows. Concentrations of FP4M were not affected by level of feed intake or FO, but daily excretion rate of FP4M was associated with the volume of faeces.

Keywords Pubmed: Animals
Body Weight
Cattle
Diet*
Dinoprost/administration & dosage
Eating/physiology*
Feces/chemistry*
Female
Food Deprivation
Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/administration & dosage
Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/analogs & derivatives*
Metabolic Clearance Rate*
Pregnanes/analysis
Progesterone/administration & dosage
Progesterone/blood
Progesterone/pharmacokinetics*
Triptorelin Pamoate/analogs & derivatives


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