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Gewählte Publikation:

Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Dokumenttyp: Originalarbeit

Jahr: 1996

AutorInnen: Schwarzenberger, F; Son, CH; Pretting, R; Arbeiter, K

Titel: Use of group-specific antibodies to detect fecal progesterone metabolites during the estrous cycle of cows.

Quelle: Theriogenology (46) 23-32.



Autor/innen der Vetmeduni Vienna:

Schwarzenberger Franz

Beteiligte Vetmed-Organisationseinheiten
Institut für Medizinische Biochemie


Zugehörige(s) Projekt(e): Untersuchungen über den Einfluß der Futtermenge auf den Progesteronmetabolismus bei Kühen (Zl. BCH-FS)


Abstract:
Progesterone is metabolized to pregnanediones and hydroxylated pregnanes prior to its fecal excretion. Therefore, use of progesterone antibodies underestimates the actual amount of fecal metabolites. To improve the methodology of noninvasive fecal progesterone metabolite analysis, enzymeimmunoassays (EIA) using group-specific antibodies against 5-reduced 20-oxo-pregnane-C3-conjugates were developed. Fecal and milk samples were collected at 1- to 2-d intervals during the morning and evening milking throughout 1 estrous cycle in dairy cows (n = 12). Six immunoreactive metabolites were detected in the feces with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), eluting as 5 alpha- and 5 beta-reduced pregnanes containing a 20-oxo-group (20-oxo-pregnanes). Fecal samples of 3 cows were analyzed by 3 EIAs using antibodies against 4-pregnene-6 alpha-ol-3,20-dione 6HS:BSA (6HS-progesterone), 5 alpha-pregnane-3 beta-ol-2O-one 3HS:BSA and 5 beta-pregnane-3 alpha-ol-20-one 3HS:BSA, respectively. The follicular and luteal phases were identifiable with each EIA. Luteal phase values and the differences between mean follicular (Days 0 to 2 and 19 to 21) and luteal phase (Days 10 to 16) values obtained with the 5-pregnane EIAs were 3- to 4-fold higher than with the 6HS-progesterone EIA. Since results with the former 2 EIAs were almost identical, the remaining samples were only analyzed by the EIA for 5 beta-pregnane-3 alpha-ol-2O-one. Fecal 20-oxo-pregnane concentrations were parallel to milk progesterone values, but had a lag time of about 0.5 d; the coefficient of correlation (P < 0.001) was 0.76 (y = 155.2 x + 37.2). Fecal 20-oxo-pregnane concentrations during the follicular and luteal phase were 39.5 +/- 2.2 and 341 +/- 15.2 ng/g feces, respectively. In conclusion, fecal 20-oxo-pregnanes are significantly correlated to milk progesterone concentrations. They consist of several metabolites and compared to a 6HS-progesterone antibody, their evaluation was improved using antibodies against 5-reduced pregnanes.


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