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Gewählte Publikation:

Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Dokumenttyp: Originalarbeit

Jahr: 1998

AutorInnen: Patzl, M; Schwarzenberger, F; Osmann, C; Bamberg, E; Bartmann, W

Titel: Monitoring ovarian cycle and pregnancy in the giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) by faecal progestagen and oestrogen analysis.

Quelle: Anim Reprod Sci. 1998; 53(1-4):209-219



Autor/innen der Vetmeduni Vienna:

Bamberg Elmar
Patzl Martina
Schwarzenberger Franz

Beteiligte Vetmed-Organisationseinheiten
Institut für Medizinische Biochemie


Zugehörige(s) Projekt(e): Nicht-invasive quantitative Messungen von Steroiden im Kot von Zoo- und Wildtieren (Zl. BCH-FS)


Abstract:
Oestrogen and progestagen metabolites were measured in the faeces of five female giant anteaters (Myrmecophaga tridactyla), to characterise the oestrous cycle and pregnancy. Faecal samples were collected twice weekly for a minimum of 6 months, and immunoreactive progestagens and oestrogens were analysed using enzyme immunoassays (EIA). For progestagens, two antibodies that cross-reacted with 20alpha-hydroxy- or 20-oxo-progestagens were used. Both assays effectively monitored ovarian cyclicity; however, the concentrations obtained using the antibody for 20alpha-hydroxy-progestagens were higher, and the hormonal changes were more pronounced. Regular ovarian cycles were identified in three of the five females. Average (+/-SEM) length of the oestrous cycle (n=10) was 51.4+/-5.6 days. Peak concentrations of 20alpha-hydroxy-progestagens ranged from 80-660 ng/g of faeces and those of oestrogens from 20-100 ng/g. Hormone concentrations were measured during parts of two pregnancies and during four post-partum periods. The length of one gestation (from oestrous oestrogen peak until parturition) was 184 days. In the second half of gestation, progestagen concentration started to increase above luteal phase values; in the week before parturition it was approximately 20 times higher than those during the luteal phase. Concentrations of excreted oestrogens began to increase after two thirds of gestation and exceeded that of the follicular phase by approximately 2.5-fold in the week before parturition. Onset of ovarian cyclicity after parturition varied from 4-11 weeks. In conclusion, the measurement of faecal immunoreactive progestagens and oestrogens in the giant anteater indicated an ovarian cycle of approximately 7 weeks in length and provided potentially useful data for successful breeding management.

Keywords Pubmed: Animals
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Cingulata/physiology*
Estrogens/analysis*
Estrus/physiology*
Feces/chemistry*
Female
Immunoenzyme Techniques
Labor, Obstetric/physiology
Luteal Phase/physiology
Postpartum Period/physiology
Pregnancy
Pregnancy, Animal/metabolism*
Progestins/analysis*


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