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Gewählte Publikation:

Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Dokumenttyp: Originalarbeit

Jahr: 2009

AutorInnen: Hermes, R; Göritz, F; Saragusty, J; Sós, E; Molnar, V; Reid, CE; Schwarzenberger, F; Hildebrandt, TB

Titel: First successful artificial insemination with frozen-thawed semen in rhinoceros.

Quelle: Theriogenology. 2009; 71(3):393-399



Autor/innen der Vetmeduni Vienna:

Schwarzenberger Franz

Beteiligte Vetmed-Organisationseinheiten
Institut für Medizinische Biochemie


Abstract:
The first successful artificial insemination (AI) in a rhinoceros was reported in 2007 using fresh semen. Following that success, we decided to evaluate the possibility of using frozen-thawed semen for artificial insemination. Semen, collected from a 35-36 year old Southern white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum simum) in the UK was frozen using the directional freezing technique. This frozen semen was used in two intrauterine AI attempts on a 30 years old female rhinoceros in Hungary. The first attempt, conducted 30 days postpartum with an insemination dose of approximately 135 x 10(6) motile cells, failed. The second attempt, conducted two estrus cycles later with an insemination dose of approximately 500 x 10(6) motile cells, resulted in pregnancy and the birth of a healthy offspring. This represents the first successful AI using frozen-thawed semen in a rhinoceros, putting it among very few wildlife species in which AI with frozen-thawed semen resulted in a live birth. The incorporation of AI with frozen-thawed semen into the assisted reproduction toolbox opens the way to preserve and transport semen between distant individuals in captivity or between wild and captive populations, without the need to transport stressed or potentially disease carrying animals. In addition, cryopreserved spermatozoa, in combination with AI, are useful methods to extend the reproductive lifespan of individuals beyond their biological lifespan and an important tool for managing genetic diversity in these endangered mammals.

Keywords Pubmed: Animals
Cryopreservation/veterinary*
Female
Freezing
Insemination, Artificial/veterinary*
Male
Perissodactyla/physiology*
Pregnancy
Semen/physiology*
Semen Preservation/methods
Semen Preservation/veterinary*


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