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Gewählte Publikation:

Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Dokumenttyp: Übersichtsarbeit

Jahr: 2004

AutorInnen: Blacklaws, BA; Berriatua, E; Torsteinsdottir, S; Watt, NJ; de Andres, D; Klein, D; Harkiss, GD

Titel: Transmission of small ruminant lentiviruses.

Quelle: Vet Microbiol. 2004; 101(3):199-208



Autor/innen der Vetmeduni Vienna:

Klein Dieter

Beteiligte Vetmed-Organisationseinheiten
Institut für Virologie


Zugehörige(s) Projekt(e): Virus-Wirt Interaktionen


Abstract:
Small ruminant lentiviruses (SRLV) are classical slow retroviruses causing chronic inflammatory disease in a variety of target organs. The routes of transmission have been investigated and a large body of evidence has accumulated over many years. The main routes are through ingestion of infected colostrum and/or milk, or through inhalation of respiratory secretions. However, many studies also provide evidence that intrauterine infection may occur, though the extent and significance of this route is controversial. Embryos treated to IETS standards appear to pose very little risk of infection. SRLV have been detected in semen suggesting a potential source of transmission. However, such transmission has not been demonstrated to date. The application of control measures based on this information allows more efficient strategies to be developed which will reduce the rate of transmission.

Keywords Pubmed: Animals
Disease Transmission, Infectious/veterinary
Goat Diseases/transmission*
Goat Diseases/virology*
Goats
Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical/veterinary
Lentivirus Infections/transmission
Lentivirus Infections/veterinary*
Lentivirus Infections/virology
Lentiviruses, Ovine-Caprine/growth & development*
Sheep
Sheep Diseases/transmission*
Sheep Diseases/virology*


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