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Gewählte Publikation:

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Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Dokumenttyp: Originalarbeit

Jahr: 2013

AutorInnen: Gradauer, K; Dünnhaupt, S; Vonach, C; Szöllösi, H; Pali-Schöll, I; Mangge, H; Jensen-Jarolim, E; Bernkop-Schnürch, A; Prassl, R

Titel: Thiomer-coated liposomes harbor permeation enhancing and efflux pump inhibitory properties.

Quelle: J Control Release. 2013; 165(3):207-215



Autor/innen der Vetmeduni Vienna:

Jensen-Jarolim Erika
Pali Isabella

Beteiligte Vetmed-Organisationseinheiten
Messerli Forschungsinstitut, Abteilung für Komparative Medizin


Abstract:
An ideal oral drug carrier should facilitate drug delivery to the gastrointestinal tract and its absorption into the systemic circulation. To meet these requirements, we developed a thiomer-coated liposomal delivery system composed of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC) and a maleimide-functionalized lipid, to which chitosan-thioglycolic acid (CS-TGA) was covalently coupled. In addition to conventional 77 kDa CS-TGA (CS-TGA77), we tested the 150 kDa homologue (CS-TGA150) as well as an S-protected version of this polymer (CS-TGA150-MNA), in which some of the free SH-groups are conjugated with 6-mercaptonicotinamide to protect them from oxidation. Coupling of CS-TGA to the liposomal surface led to an increase in the particle size of at least 150 nm and an increase in the zeta potential from approximately -33 mV to a maximum of about +36 mV, depending on the polymer. As revealed by fluorescence dequenching the formulations have a storage stability of at least two weeks without releasing any encapsulated compounds. In simulated gastric fluid, the system was shown to be stable over 24 h, while in simulated intestinal fluid, a slow, sustained release of encapsulated compounds was observed. According to our experiments, thiomer-coated liposomes did not induce immunogenic reactions after an oral administration to mice. To evaluate the permeation enhancing and efflux pump inhibiting properties of CS-TGA coated liposomes we monitored the transport of fluoresceinisothiocyanate-dextran (FD(4)) and rhodamine-123 (Rho-123), respectively, through rat small intestine. Permeation studies showed a 2.8-fold higher permeation of FD(4) in the presence of CS-TGA77 coated liposomes and an even 4-fold higher permeation in the presence of CSA-TGA150-MNA coated liposomes. The latter also performed best when we evaluated P-glycoprotein inhibiting properties by monitoring the transport of Rho-123, revealing a 4.2-fold enhancement respective to the buffer control. Taken together, thiomer-coated liposomes were shown to protect encapsulated drugs in the stomach, slowly release them in the small intestine and enhance their absorption through the intestinal tissue by opening tight junctions and inhibiting efflux pumps.

Keywords Pubmed: Animals
Chitosan/chemistry
Chitosan/immunology
Chitosan/pharmacokinetics*
Cytokines/immunology
Female
Immunization
Immunoglobulins/blood
Intestinal Absorption*
Intestine, Small/metabolism
Liposomes*
Male
Mice
Mice, Inbred BALB C
P-Glycoprotein/antagonists & inhibitors
P-Glycoprotein/metabolism
Particle Size
Permeability
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Skin Tests
Spleen/cytology
Spleen/immunology
Thioglycolates/chemistry
Thioglycolates/immunology
Thioglycolates/pharmacokinetics*


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