A chromatographic process based on monoliths for purification of infective baculovirus without prior concentration step has been established. Baculovirus produced in Spodoptera frugiperda cells (Sf-9) were harvested by centrifugation, filtered through 0.8 μm filters and directly loaded onto radial 1 mL anion exchange monoliths with a channel size of 1.5-2.0 μm operated at a volumetric flow rate of one bed volume per minute. Optional an epoxy monolith was used as pre-column to reduce interfering compounds and substances influencing the capacity of anion exchange monoliths for baculovirus infectious virus could be eluted with a step gradient at salt concentrations of 440 mM NaCl. Recovery of infectious virus was highly influenced by composition and age of supernatant and ranged from 20 to >99% active baculovirus. Total protein content could be reduced to 1-8% and DNA content to 38-48% in main virus fraction. Infective virus could be 52-fold concentrated within 20.5h and simultaneously an 82-fold volume reduction was possible when loading 1150 mL (2.1×10(8) pfu/mL) onto 1 mL scale support.
Animals Anions/chemistry Baculoviridae/isolation & purification* Blotting, Western Cell Culture Techniques Chromatography, Ion Exchange/instrumentation Chromatography, Ion Exchange/methods* Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel Lipids Particle Size Reproducibility of Results Sf9 Cells/virology*