Liver, kidney and diaphragm samples of 57 roe deer and 58 chamois collected during the hunting season 1995 were examined for their heavy metal (Pb, Cd, Hg) concentrations. The possible influence of the parameters - sex, age, body weight, condition of heath, season, region, altitude, and habitat exposure were rested. Due to the suitability of wildlife as biological indicators, the measured concentrations provide information on the environmental pollution of their habitats. Lead concentrations (median content: ppm) were higher in chamois (kidney: 0.143; liver: 0.120; diaphragm: 0.112) than in roe deer (kidney: 0.100; liver: 0.082; diaphragm:0.050). The highest levels measured in diaphragm can be accounted for by a secondary contamination originating from the lethal projectile. Higher concentrations have been detected in the liver of male animals than female. The higher cadmium concentrations (median content: ppm) in roe deer (kidney: 1.333; liver: 0.120; diaphragm: 0.006) have been attributed to the different: grazing habits. A highly significant age dependency of the Cd concentration could be observed for both species of animals. The median mercury content (ppm) in roe deer (kidney: 0.026; liver: 0.012; diaphragm: 0.000) and chamois (kidney: 0.016; liver: 0.006; diaphragm: 0.006) was low. An influence of the season was seen in both species.