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Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Dokumenttyp: Originalarbeit

Jahr: 2016

AutorInnen: Hodžić, A; Bruckschwaiger, P; Duscher, GG; Glawischnig, W; Fuehrer, HP

Titel: High prevalence of Eucoleus boehmi (syn. Capillaria boehmi) in foxes from western Austria.

Quelle: Parasitol Res. 2016; 115(8):3275-3278



Autor/innen der Vetmeduni Vienna:

Duscher Georg
Führer Hans-Peter
Hodzic Adnan

Beteiligte Vetmed-Organisationseinheiten
Institut für Parasitologie


Zugehörige(s) Projekt(e): Austrian Barcode of Life


Abstract:
Eucoleus boehmi (syn. Capillaria boehmi) is a canine trichuroid nematode affecting the upper respiratory airways (i.e., nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses) of dogs, foxes, and wolves. In the past few years, reports in dogs and wild canids have increased from across Europe, but data on its occurrence and distribution in Austria is scanty. A total of 47 red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) from the two westernmost provinces (Tyrol and Vorarlberg) of Austria were therefore examined for the presence of E. boehmi at necropsy. Eggs and adult nematodes were identified morphologically and molecularly (cox1) as E. boehmi. These nematodes were found in 26 (78.8 %) and 13 (92.9 %) foxes from Tyrol and Vorarlberg, respectively, with an overall prevalence of 83.0 % (39/47). The prevalence rate of infection recorded in this study is among the highest in Europe. These results suggest that foxes may represent an important source of infection for dogs and other canids, but further studies are needed to elucidate the transmission dynamics.

Keywords Pubmed: Animals
Austriaepidemiology
Capillariaclassificationgeneticsisolation & purification
Cyclooxygenase 1genetics
Enoplida Infectionsepidemiologyparasitology
Foxesparasitology
Helminth Proteinsgenetics
Nasal Cavityparasitology
Prevalence

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