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Gewählte Publikation:

Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Dokumenttyp: Originalarbeit

Jahr: 2016

AutorInnen: Gress, V; Wolfesberger, B; Fuchs-Baumgartinger, A; Nedorost, N; Saalmüller, A; Schwendenwein, I; Rütgen, BC; Hammer, SE

Titel: Characterization of the T-cell receptor gamma chain gene rearrangements as an adjunct tool in the diagnosis of T-cell lymphomas in the gastrointestinal tract of cats.

Quelle: Res Vet Sci. 2016; 107:261-266

Autor/innen der Vetmeduni Vienna:

Fuchs-Baumgartinger Andrea
Greß Verena
Hammer Sabina
Nedorost Nora
Rütgen Barbara
Saalmüller Armin
Schwendenwein Ilse
Wolfesberger Birgitt

Beteiligte Vetmed-Organisationseinheiten
Institut für Immunologie
Institut für Pathologie
Universitätsklinik für Kleintiere, Klinische Abteilung für Interne Medizin Kleintiere
Plattform Labordiagnostik

Feline alimentary lymphoma is the most common hematopoietic neoplasia in cats. It affects mainly the small intestines and is most frequently of T-cell origin. Evaluation of a fine needle aspirate is often the first step in the diagnostic work-up. Differentiation between a resident mature lymphocyte population as encountered in inflammatory bowel disease and small cell lymphoma cannot be achieved by cytology alone. Even full thickness biopsies evaluated by histopathology can be inconclusive. These cases warrant the application of complementary tools like PCR-based T-cell receptor (TCR) clonality testing for confirmation. The aim of this study was to optimize the DNA extraction protocol for formalin fixed and paraffin embedded tissues (FFPE) and to establish a heteroduplex analysis to enhance resolution of the PCR fragments of the T-cell receptor gamma (TCRG) V-J gene. The new protocols resulted in improved quantity and quality of the extracted DNA. Heteroduplex analysis of the samples improved the resolution of the electrophoresis results so that rules for interpretation of the different patterns could be established. Application of this improved setup detected clonal rearrangements in at least one TCRG primer reaction in 31 of 36 of our feline intestinal lymphoma samples after DNA quality testing. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keywords Pubmed: Animals
Cat Diseasesdiagnosispathology
Gastrointestinal Neoplasmsdiagnosispathologyveterinary
Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
Lymphoma, T-Cellmetabolismpathologyveterinary
Polymerase Chain Reactionmethods
Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, gamma-deltametabolism
Retrospective Studies

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