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Gewählte Publikation:

Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Dokumenttyp: Übersichtsarbeit

Jahr: 2005

AutorInnen: de Andrés, D; Klein, D; Watt, NJ; Berriatua, E; Torsteinsdottir, S; Blacklaws, BA; Harkiss, GD

Titel: Diagnostic tests for small ruminant lentiviruses.

Quelle: Vet Microbiol. 2005; 107(1-2):49-62



Autor/innen der Vetmeduni Vienna:

Klein Dieter

Beteiligte Vetmed-Organisationseinheiten
Institut für Virologie


Zugehörige(s) Projekt(e): Virus-Wirt Interaktionen


Abstract:
Maedi visna virus and caprine arthritis encephalitis virus are closely related retroviruses that cause chronic inflammatory disease in small ruminants. The infections are characterised by insidious onset and slow progression. Diagnosis of infection is usually by serological testing. A variety of assays are available for this purpose, though the relative sensitivity and specificity of these assays has not been compared systematically. Here we review recent developments in laboratory diagnostic methods and their use in field diagnosis. The results suggest that a combination of ELISA and PCR might afford optimal detection of SRLV infection.

Keywords Pubmed: Animals
Arthritis-Encephalitis Virus, Caprine/immunology
Arthritis-Encephalitis Virus, Caprine/isolation & purification*
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/methods
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/veterinary*
Goat Diseases/diagnosis
Goats
Immunodiffusion/methods
Immunodiffusion/veterinary
Lentivirus Infections/diagnosis
Lentivirus Infections/veterinary*
Pneumonia, Progressive Interstitial, of Sheep/diagnosis
Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods
Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary*
Ruminants/virology*
Sensitivity and Specificity
Serologic Tests/methods
Serologic Tests/veterinary
Sheep
Sheep Diseases/diagnosis
Visna-maedi virus/immunology
Visna-maedi virus/isolation & purification*


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