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Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Dokumenttyp: Originalarbeit

Jahr: 2016

AutorInnen: Paudel, S; Stessl, B; Hess, C; Zloch, A; Hess, M

Titel: High genetic diversity among extraintestinal Escherichia coli isolates in pullets and layers revealed by a longitudinal study.

Quelle: BMC Vet Res. 2016; 12(1):221



Autor/innen der Vetmeduni Vienna:

Hess Claudia
Hess Michael
Paudel Surya
Stessl Beatrix
Zloch Angelika

Beteiligte Vetmed-Organisationseinheiten
Institut für Lebensmittelsicherheit, Lebensmitteltechnologie und öffentliches Gesundheitswesen in der Veterinärmedizin, Abteilung für Lebensmittelmikrobiologie
Universitätsklinik für Geflügel und Fische, Klinische Abteilung für Geflügelmedizin


Abstract:
Various information about the genetic diversity of Escherichia coli isolates from chickens are available but a detailed epidemiological investigation based upon isolates obtained from interrelated pullet and layer flocks is still missing. Therefore, in the course of a longitudinal epidemiological study on pullets and layers, 144 E. coli isolates from chickens with or without pathological lesions of the reproductive tract were serotyped and genotyped with pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). These isolates were collected during rearing, peak and at the end of production. The actual study is the first of its kind so as to elucidate genetic relatedness among extraintestinal E. coli isolated from chickens with varying pathological conditions in interrelated layer farms/flocks at different stages of rearing.Serotyping revealed that 63.19 % of the isolates could not be assigned to any of the three serotypes tested whereas 30.55 % of the isolates belonged to serotype O1:K1, 4.86 % to O2:K1 and 1.38 % to O78:K80. After macrorestriction digest with XbaI, 91.66 % of the isolates were typeable resulting in 96 distinct PFGE profiles. Among them, five PFGE types included isolates collected from diseased chickens as well as from birds without pathological lesions. This finding shows that pathogenicity of E. coli in layers seems to be largely influenced by concurrent susceptibility factors. Furthermore, in six out of eight cases where two isolates were collected from each of eight birds, different PFGE types were found in the same or different organs of the same bird. The existence of predominant or persistent E. coli genotypes was only observed in two cases.It is concluded that extraintestinal E. coli genotypes and serotypes in pullets and layers are heterogenous and also do not maintain a single clonality within the same bird. The facts that E. coli strains did not show any definite clonal population structure based on geographical region, age of the host and pathological lesions should have relevance in further epidemiological studies and control strategies.

Keywords Pubmed: Aging
Animals
Austriaepidemiology
Chickens
Escherichia coligenetics
Escherichia coli Infectionsepidemiologymicrobiologyveterinary
Female
Genetic Variation
Longitudinal Studies
Poultry Diseasesepidemiologymicrobiology
Serotyping

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