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Gewählte Publikation:

Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Dokumenttyp: Originalarbeit

Jahr: 2016

AutorInnen: Ocel'ová, V; Chizzola, R; Pisarčíková, J; Novak, J; Ivanišinoviá, O; Faix, Š

Titel: Effect of Thyme Essential Oil Supplementation on Thymol Content in Blood Plasma, Liver, Kidney and Muscle in Broiler Chickens

Quelle: Nat Prod Commun 2016; 11(10): 1545-1550.



Autor/innen der Vetmeduni Vienna:

Chizzola Remigius
Novak Johannes

Beteiligte Vetmed-Organisationseinheiten
Institut für Tierernährung und funktionelle Pflanzenstoffe


Abstract:
The absorption and metabolism of phytogenic feed additives in poultry is studied related to the metabolism and deposition of their main compounds in tissues intended for food production. Fifty-six non-sexed Ross 308 broilers were allocated to seven dietary treatments and fed a diet containing graded levels of thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) essential oil (EO) (0, 0.01, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04, 0.05, 0.1%, w/w). Thymol concentration was measured in plasma, liver, kidney and breast muscle tissue using solid phase micro-extraction followed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. We found the highest concentrations of thymol in kidney and plasma, and the lowest in breast muscle and liver. Thymol content in plasma and kidney significantly increased when 0.05 and 0.1%, w/w, EO and in liver and breast muscle only when 0.1%, w/w, EO was added to the diet (p<0.05). Our results indicate intensive metabolism of thymol in liver and its accumulation in kidney tissue. We confirm low deposition of thymol in the muscle tissue. It is necessary to.-keep in mind the selection of a sufficient concentration of EO in the feed additive for animals without the risk of thymol residues in edible tissues.

Keywords Pubmed: Animal Feed
Animals
Biological Availability
Chickens
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Diet
Dietary Supplements
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
Kidneymetabolism
Livermetabolism
Muscle, Skeletalmetabolism
Oils, Volatilepharmacokineticspharmacology
Solid Phase Extraction
Thymolbloodmetabolismpharmacokinetics
Thymus Plantchemistry

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