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Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Dokumenttyp: Originalarbeit

Jahr: 2016

AutorInnen: Byosiere, SE; Espinosa, J; Marshall-Pescini, S; Smuts, B; Range, F

Titel: Investigating the Function of Play Bows in Dog and Wolf Puppies (Canis lupus familiaris, Canis lupus occidentalis).

Quelle: PLoS One. 2016; 11(12):e0168570



Autor/innen der Vetmeduni Vienna:

Marshall Sarah
Range Friederike

Beteiligte Vetmed-Organisationseinheiten
Messerli Forschungsinstitut, Abteilung für Vergleichende Kognitionsforschung


Daten sind in Figshare abgelegt. | DataLink: https://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.4307765.v1


Zugehörige(s) Projekt(e): Mechanismen der Kooperation: Empathie und Reaktion auf ungleiche Behandlung

Kooperation bei Caniden: Kognition und Emotionen


Abstract:
Animals utilize behavioral signals across a range of different contexts in order to communicate with others and produce probable behavioral outcomes. During play animals frequently adopt action patterns used in other contexts. Researchers have therefore hypothesized that play signals have evolved to clarify communicative intent. One highly stereotyped play signal is the canid play bow, but its function remains contested. In order to clarify how canid puppies use play bows, we used data on play bows in immature wolves (ages 2.7-7.8 months) and dogs (ages 2 to 5 months) to test hypotheses evaluated in a previous study of adult dogs. We found that young dogs used play bows similarly to adult dogs; play bows most often occurred after a brief pause in play followed by complementary highly active play states. However, while the relative number of play bows and total observation time was similar between dog and wolf puppies, wolves did not follow this behavioral pattern, as play bows were unsuccessful in eliciting further play activity by the partner. While some similarities for the function of play bows in dog and wolf puppies were documented, it appears that play bows may function differently in wolf puppies in regards to re-initiating play.

Keywords Pubmed: Animal Communication
Animals
Behavior, Animal
Dogs
Female
Male
Wolves

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