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Gewählte Publikation:

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Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Dokumenttyp: Übersichtsarbeit

Jahr: 2016

AutorInnen: Carvalho, MI; Silva-Carvalho, R; Pires, I; Prada, J; Bianchini, R; Jensen-Jarolim, E; Queiroga, FL

Titel: A Comparative Approach of Tumor-Associated Inflammation in Mammary Cancer between Humans and Dogs.

Quelle: Biomed Res Int. 2016; 2016:4917387

Autor/innen der Vetmeduni Vienna:

Bianchini Rodolfo
Jensen-Jarolim Erika

Beteiligte Vetmed-Organisationseinheiten
Messerli Forschungsinstitut, Abteilung für Komparative Medizin

Infiltrating cells of the immune system are widely accepted to be generic constituents of tumor microenvironment. It has been well established that the development of mammary cancer, both in humans and in dogs, is associated with alterations in numbers and functions of immune cells at the sites of tumor progression. These tumor infiltrating immune cells seem to exhibit exclusive phenotypic and functional characteristics and mammary cancer cells can take advantage of signaling molecules released by them. Cancer related inflammation has an important role in mammary carcinogenesis, contributing to the acquisition of core hallmark capabilities that allow cancer cells to survive, proliferate, and disseminate. Indeed, recent studies in human breast cancer and in canine mammary tumors have identified a growing list of signaling molecules released by inflammatory cells that serve as effectors of their tumor-promoting actions. These include the COX-2, the tumor EGF, the angiogenic VEGF, other proangiogenic factors, and a large variety of chemokines and cytokines that amplify the inflammatory state. This review describes the intertwined signaling pathways shared by T-lymphocytic/macrophage infiltrates and important tissue biomarkers in both human and dog mammary carcinogenesis.

Keywords Pubmed: Animals
Breast Neoplasmscomplicationsgeneticspathology
Cell Proliferationgenetics
Mammary Neoplasms, Animalcomplicationsgeneticspathology
Neoplasm Invasivenessgenetics
Tumor Microenvironmentgenetics

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