Windberger, U; Pöschl, C; Peters, S; Huber, J; Van, Den, Hoven, R
Whole blood of mammalian species in the oscillating shear field: Influence of erythrocyte aggregation.
4th International Conference on Competitive Materials and Technology Processes, IC-CMTP 2016,
3 October 2016 through 7 October 2016.
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 2017; 175: 12005
This is the rheologicalanalysis of mammalian blood of species with a high (horse), medium (man), and low (sheep) erythrocyte (RBC) aggregability by small amplitude oscillation technique. Amplitude and frequency sweep tests in linear mode were performed with blood from healthy adult volunteers, horses, and sheep in CSS-mode. Blood samples were hematocrit (HCT) adjusted (40%, 50%, 60%) and tested at 7 degrees C, 22 degrees C, and 37 degrees C. Storage modulus (G') increased with HCT and decreased with temperature in each species, but the gradient of this increase was species-specific. The lower dependency of G' on the equine HCT value could be a benefit during physical performance when high numbers of RBCs are released from the spleen in the horse. In sheep, a HCT-threshold had to be overcome before elasticity of the blood sample could be measured, suggesting that the cohesive forces between RBCs, and between RBCs and plasma molecules must be very low. The frequencies for tests under quasi-staticcondition were in a narrow range around the physiologic heart rate of the species. In horse, time-dependent influences concurred at frequencies lower than 3 rad.s(-1) probably due to sedimentation of RBC aggregates. In conclusion, elasticity of blood depends not only on the amount of blood cells, but also on their mechanical and functional properties.