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Gewählte Publikation:

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Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Dokumenttyp: Übersichtsarbeit

Jahr: 2017

AutorInnen: Marshall-Pescini, S; Cafazzo, S; Virányi, Z; Range, F

Titel: Integrating social ecology in explanations of wolf–dog behavioral differences.

Quelle: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences 2017; 16: 80-86



Autor/innen der Vetmeduni Vienna:

Cafazzo Simona
Marshall Sarah
Range Friederike
Viranyi Zsofia

Beteiligte Vetmed-Organisationseinheiten
Messerli Forschungsinstitut, Abteilung für Vergleichende Kognitionsforschung


Zugehörige(s) Projekt(e): The semantics of talking with the eyes and gestures: The hormonal and cognitive underpinings of comprehending co-operative intentional communication in domestic dogs and wolves

Kooperation bei Caniden: Kognition und Emotionen

Eine neue Sicht der Domestikation: die Rolle von Oxytocin in den sozialen Beziehungen von Wölfen und Hunden mit artgleichen und menschlichen Partnern


Abstract:
Whereas studies in comparative cognition normally invoke ecology and social organization to account for differences in social behaviour and cognition across species, dog-wolf differences have so far been explained mostly as a result of direct human selection for desirable traits (e.g., tameness, attention to humans, sociability). Yet, as will be reviewed in this paper, dogs and wolves also differ considerably in both their feeding niche and social organization (which together we refer to as 'social ecology'). We suggest that observed wolf-dog differences especially in their interaction with the environment (e.g.,neophobia, persistence, risk taking) and conspecifics (e.g., tolerance, cooperation, communication) need to be considered also in regard to their social ecology. We propose that social ecology alongside human selection should be recognized as a potentially important factor affecting dogs' behaviour, and suggest a number of potential avenues for future research, which can more directly test the relative importance of these selection forces.


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