Kanz, P; Krieger, S; Drillich, M; Iwersen, M
Technical note: Evaluation of a wireless pulse oximeter for measuring arterial oxygen saturation and pulse rate in newborn Holstein Friesian calves.
J Dairy Sci. 2018; 101(7):6437-6442
Autor/innen der Vetmeduni Vienna:
Universitätsklinik für Wiederkäuer, Bestandsbetreuung bei Wiederkäuern
Monitoring der Herzfrequenz und Sauerstoffsättigung bei Kälbern während der Geburt mittels kabelloser Sensortechnologie zur Senkung der Totgeburtenrate
- Pulse oximetry is a well-established technique in human and veterinary medicine. In farm animals, it could also be a useful tool for the detection of critical conditions relating to oxygen supply and the cardiovascular system. Among other uses, an innovative application could be the monitoring of fetuses during birth. This could help in the early identification of critical situations and support farmers and veterinarians in their decision to start obstetric or life-support interventions. Until now, however, its use in ruminant medicine was still limited to experimental applications. The objective of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of the Radius-7 Wearable Pulse CO-Oximeter (Masimo Corporation, Irvine, CA) for monitoring vital parameters in newborn calves. All measurements were conducted on animals in the lying down position. The sensor of the pulse oximeter was placed in the interdigital space of the calves' front legs and fixed with a homemade latex hoof cover. The pulsoximetric measurements of arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) in 40 newborn calves were compared with the corresponding results (SaO2) from a portable blood gas analyzer (VetScan iStat1, Abaxis Inc., Union City, CA), which served as the reference. For this, an arterial blood sample was taken from the medial intermediate branch of the caudal auricular artery. In addition, the pulse rate was measured in 10 calves aged between 0 and 7 d with the pulse oximeter and simultaneously with a heart rate belt (Polar Equine Belt, Polar Electro Oy, Kempele, Finland) to determine their level of agreement. Spearman correlation coefficient for oxygen saturation was 93.8% for the pulse oximeter and the blood gas analyzer, and 97.7% for the pulse rate measured with the pulse oximeter and the heart rate belt. Bland-Altman plots revealed an overestimation of SaO2 by 2.95 ± 6.39% and an underestimation of the pulse rate by -0.41 ± 3.18 beats per minute compared with the corresponding reference methods. In summary, the pulse oximeter is suitable for continuous monitoring of arterial oxygen saturation and pulse in newborn Holstein Friesian calves. For practical use, purpose-built technical equipment is required to attach the sensor to the calves' legs.Copyright © 2018 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Blood Gas Analysisinstrumentationmethodsveterinary