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Gewählte Publikation:

Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Dokumentart: Originalarbeit

Publikationsjahr: 2018

AutorInnen: Locker, F; Vidali, S; Holub, BS; Stockinger, J; Brunner, SM; Ebner, S; Koller, A; Trost, A; Reitsamer, HA; Schwarzenbacher, D; Lang, R; Kofler, B

Titel: Lack of Galanin Receptor 3 Alleviates Psoriasis by Altering Vascularization, Immune Cell Infiltration, and Cytokine Expression.

Quelle: J Invest Dermatol. 2018; 138(1):199-207



Autor/innen der Vetmeduni Vienna:

Locker Felix

Diese Publikation wurde nicht im Namen der Vetmeduni Vienna erstellt und ist deshalb ausschließlich der persönlichen Publikationsliste des/der Autors/Autorin zugeordnet!


Abstract:
The neuropeptide galanin is distributed in the central and peripheral nervous systems and in non-neuronal peripheral organs, including the skin. Galanin acts via three G protein-coupled receptors which, except galanin receptor 1, are expressed in various skin structures. The galanin system has been associated with inflammatory processes of the skin and of several other organs. Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin disease with increased neovascularization, keratinocyte hyperproliferation, a proinflammatory cytokine milieu, and immune cell infiltration. In this study, we showed that galanin receptor 3 is present in endothelial cells in human and murine dermal vessels and is co-expressed with nestin in neo-vessels of psoriatic patients. Moreover, in a murine psoriasis model, we showed that C57/BL6 mice lacking galanin receptor 3 display a milder course of psoriasis upon imiquimod treatment, leading to decreased disease severity, delayed neo-vascularization, reduced infiltration of neutrophils, and significantly lower levels of proinflammatory cytokines compared with wild-type mice. In contrast, galanin receptor 2-knockout animals did not differ significantly from wild type mice at both the macroscopic and molecular levels in their inflammatory response to imiquimod treatment. Our data indicate that galanin receptor 3, but not galanin receptor 2, plays an important role in psoriasis-like skin inflammation.


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