Saleh, M; Kumar, G; Abdel-Baki, AS; Dkhil, MA; El-Matbouli, M; Al-Quraishy, S
Quantitative proteomic profiling of immune responses to Ichthyophthirius multifiliis in common carp skin mucus.
Fish Shellfish Immunol 84: 834-842.
Autor/innen der Vetmeduni Vienna:
Universitätsklinik für Geflügel und Fische, Klinische Abteilung für Fischmedizin
- Ichthyophthirius multifiliis, a ciliated protozoan parasite, causes ichthyophthiriasis and leads to considerable economic losses to the aquaculture industry. Understanding the fish immune response and host-parasite interactions could support developing novel strategies for better disease management and control. Fish skin mucus is the first line of defence against infections through the epidermis. Yet, the common carp, Cyprinus carpio, protein-based defence strategies against infection with I. multifiliis at this barrier remain elusive. The skin mucus proteome of common carp was investigated at 1 day and 9 days post-exposure with I. multifiliis. Using nano-LC ESI MS/MS and statistical analysis, the abundance of 19 immune related and signal transduction proteins was found to be differentially regulated in skin mucus of common carp in response to I. multifiliis. The analysis revealed increased abundance values of epithelial chloride channel protein, galactose-specific lectin nattection, high choriolytic enzyme 1 (nephrosin), lysozyme C, granulin and protein-glutamine gamma-glutamyltransferase 2 in I. multifiliis-exposed carp skin mucus. Multiple lectins and a diverse array of distinct serpins with protease inhibitor activity were identified likely implicated in lectin pathway activation and regulation of proteolysis, indicating that these proteins contribute to the carp innate immune system and the protective properties of skin mucus. The results obtained from this proteomic analysis enables a better understanding of fish host response to parasitic infection and gives insights into the key role skin mucus plays in protecting fish against deleterious effects of I. multifiliis.Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Skin Diseases, Parasiticimmunologyveterinary
Specific Pathogen-Free Organisms