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Gewählte Publikation:

Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Dokumentart: Originalarbeit

Publikationsjahr: 2019

AutorInnen: Jessberger, N; Kranzler, M; Da Riol, C; Schwenk, V; Buchacher, T; Dietrich, R; Ehling-Schulz, M; Märtlbauer, E

Titel: Assessing the toxic potential of enteropathogenic Bacillus cereus.

Quelle: Food Microbiol. 2019; 84:103276

Autor/innen der Vetmeduni Vienna:

Ehling-Schulz Monika
Kranzler Markus

Beteiligte Vetmed-Organisationseinheiten
Institut für Mikrobiologie, Abteilung für Funktionelle Mikrobiologie

The diarrheal type of food poisoning caused by enteropathogenic Bacillus cereus has been linked to various exotoxins. Best described are the non-hemolytic enterotoxin (Nhe), hemolysin BL (Hbl), and cytotoxin K (CytK). Due to the ubiquitous prevalence of B. cereus in soil and crops and its ability to form highly resistant endospores, contaminations during food production and processing cannot be completely avoided. Although phylogenetically closely related, enteropathogenic B. cereus strains show a high versatility of their toxic potential. Thus, functional tools for evaluating the pathogenic potential are urgently needed in order to predict hazardous food contaminations. As the diarrheal syndrome is the result of a toxico-infection with enterotoxin production in the intestine, the entire passage of the bacteria within the host, from spore survival in the stomach, spore germination, host cell adherence, and motility, to enterotoxin production under simulated intestinal conditions was compared in a panel of 20 strains, including high pathogenic as well as apathogenic ones. This approach resulted in an overarching virulence analysis scheme. In parallel, we searched for potential toxico-specific secreted markers to discriminate low and high pathogenic strains. To this end, we targeted known exotoxins using an easy to implement immunoblotting approach as well as a caseinolytic exoprotease activity assay. Overall, Nhe component B, sphingomyelinase, and exoproteases showed good correlation with the complex virulence analysis scheme and can serve as a template for future fast and easy risk assessment tools to be implemented in routine diagnostic procedures and HACCP studies.

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