The history of twenty-two French Bulldogs with epileptic seizures was retrospectively investigated to describe the aetiology and the outcome. French Bulldogs with more than one unprovoked convulsive epileptic seizure more than 24 hours apart and that had been subjected to clinical and neurological examination were included; magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography and histo-pathological examination were not mandatory. Idiopathic epilepsy (IE) was diagnosed in 16 dogs and structural epilepsy (SE) in six. Brain tumours were detected in four (18 %) cases. The survival time was longer in the IE group (720 days) than in the SE group (90 days). Antiepileptic drug control was excellent (seizure-free) in two cases (9 %), good (1-5 seizures/year) in five cases (23 %) and poor (>10 seizures/year) in six (27 %) cases; no reliable data were available for the remaining cases. The results suggest that the outcome of epilepsy in this breed is frequently bad: most patients did not survive for longer than three years.