Wagner, EM; Pracser, N; Thalguter, S; Fischel, K; Rammer, N; Pospíšilová, L; Alispahic, M; Wagner, M; Rychli, K
Identification of biofilm hotspots in a meat processing environment: Detection of spoilage bacteria in multi-species biofilms.
Int J Food Microbiol. 2020; 328:108668
Entstanden unter Nutzung der Ressourcen von
Autor/innen der Vetmeduni Vienna:
Wagner Eva Maria
Institut für Lebensmittelsicherheit, Lebensmitteltechnologie und öffentliches Gesundheitswesen in der Veterinärmedizin, Abteilung für Lebensmittelmikrobiologie
Universitätsklinik für Geflügel und Fische, Klinische Abteilung für Geflügelmedizin
Österreichisches Kompetenzzentrum für Futter- und Nahrungsmittelqualität, Sicherheit und Innovation
- Biofilms are comprised of microorganisms embedded in a self-produced matrix that normally adhere to a surface. In the food processing environment they are suggested to be a source of contamination leading to food spoilage or the transmission of food-borne pathogens. To date, research has mainly focused on the presence of (biofilm-forming) bacteria within food processing environments, without measuring the associated biofilm matrix components. Here, we assessed the presence of biofilms within a meat processing environment, processing pork, poultry and beef, by the detection of microorganisms and at least two biofilm matrix components. Sampling included 47 food contact surfaces and 61 non-food contact surfaces from eleven rooms within an Austrian meat processing plant, either during operation or after cleaning and disinfection. The 108 samples were analysed for the presence of microorganisms by cultivation and targeted quantitative real-time PCR based on 16S rRNA. Furthermore, the presence of the major matrix components carbohydrates, extracellular DNA and proteins was evaluated. Overall, we identified ten biofilm hotspots, among them seven of which were sampled during operation and three after cleaning and disinfection. Five biofilms were detected on food contact surfaces (cutters and associated equipment and a screw conveyor) and five on non-food contact surfaces (drains and water hoses) resulting in 9.3 % of the sites being classified as biofilm positive. From these biofilm positive samples, we cultivated bacteria of 29 different genera. The most prevalent bacteria belonged to the genera Brochothrix (present in 80 % of biofilms), Pseudomonas and Psychrobacter (isolated from 70 % biofilms). From each biofilm we isolated bacteria from four to twelve different genera, indicating the presence of multi-species biofilms. This work ultimately determined the presence of multi-species biofilms within the meat processing environment, thereby identifying various sources of potential contamination. Especially the identification of biofilms in water hoses and associated parts highlights the need of a frequent monitoring at these sites. The knowledge gained about the presence and composition of biofilms (i.e. chemical and microbiological) will help to prevent and reduce biofilm formation within food processing environments.Copyright © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Biofilmsclassificationgrowth & development
Brochothrixisolation & purification
Pseudomonasisolation & purification
Psychrobacterisolation & purification
RNA, Ribosomal, 16Sanalysis