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Gewählte Publikation:

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Publikationstyp: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Dokumenttyp: Originalarbeit

Jahr: 2021

AutorInnen: Saravanan, K; Praveenraj, J; Kiruba-Sankar, R; Devi, V; Biswas, U; Kumar, TS; Sudhagar, A; El-Matbouli, M; Kumar, G

Titel: Co-infection of infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus (Ihhnv) and white spot syndrome virus (wssv) in the wild crustaceans of andaman and nicobar archipelago, india.

Quelle: Viruses. 2021; 13(7):1378



Autor/innen der Vetmeduni Vienna:

El-Matbouli Mansour
Kumar Gokhlesh

Beteiligte Vetmed-Organisationseinheiten
Universitätsklinik für Geflügel und Fische, Klinische Abteilung für Fischmedizin


Abstract:
The present study was intended to screen the wild crustaceans for co-infection with Infectious Hypodermal and Hematopoietic Necrosis Virus (IHHNV) and White Spot Syndrome Virus (WSSV) in Andaman and Nicobar Archipelago, India. We screened a total of 607 shrimp and 110 crab samples using a specific polymerase chain reaction, and out of them, 82 shrimps (13.5%) and 5 (4.5%) crabs were found positive for co-infection of IHHNV and WSSV. A higher rate of co-infection was observed in Penaeus monodon and Scylla serrata than other shrimp and crab species. The nucleotide sequences of IHHNV and WSSV obtained from crab in this present study exhibited very high sequence identity with their counterparts retrieved from various countries. Histopathological analysis of the infected shrimp gill sections further confirmed the eosinophilic intra-nuclear cowdry type A inclusion bodies and basophilic intra-nuclear inclusion bodies characteristics of IHHNV and WSSV infections, respectively. The present study serves as the first report on co-infection of WSSV and IHHNV in Andaman and Nicobar Archipelago, India and accentuates the critical need for continuous monitoring of wild crustaceans and appropriate biosecurity measures for brackishwater aquaculture.


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