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Publication type: Baccalaureate Thesis

Year: 2012

Author(s): Klimpfinger, Kathrin

Title: Das Altösterreichische Warmblut: seine Bedeutung für die heutige Pferdezucht und Reiterei.

Other title: The Oldaustrian Warmblood

Source: Bakkalaureatsarbeit, Vet. Med. Univ. Wien, pp. 73.


Advisor(s):

Brem Gottfried
Sommerfeld-Stur Irene

Reviewer(s):
Dobretsberger Maximilian

Vetmed Research Units:
Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics


Graduation date: 06.03.12


Abstract:
The four root lines of Oldaustrian warmblood - namely Nonius, Furioso, Przedswit and Gidran - established themselves mainly in the period of the dual monarchy from the late 18th century. Bábolna (Hungary), Mezöhegyes (Hungary), Radautz (Romania) and Stadl-Paura (Austria) were the largest stud farms of the dual monarchy. The use of horses bred in these stables was in military service. Today, the four blood lines are best known under the term of "Oldaustrian warmblood". The today’s people’s knowledge was my questionnaire’s base. The type and the characteristics of Oldaustrian warmblood are nearly the same as those of Austrian warmblood. In both cases you want to see a noble warmblood horse with proportional parts of the body and that is able to goal all claims of the modern horsesport. The circumference of the cannon is identical and the shoulder’s height takes also place in the similar range. The questionnaire’s result shows that the present breeding of Austrian warmblood horses is only minimal influenced by the old bloodlines. Only three people (horse owner and rider) of 90 persons of the representative sample could specify that the blood lines are involved in the pedigree of their horses. Of course there are only 2% bloodlines of the Oldaustrian warmblood in the today’s modern Austrian warmblood. Nevertheless, it is gratifying to see that the bloodlines of Nonius, Furioso, Przedswit and Gidran are well-known even in this day and age. But this fact is also covered by result that most of the breeders are interested in the history of Austrian warmblood. Moreover you can see that both sides, riders and breeders, are very interested in their horses’ pedigree – riders 63,3% and breeders 85,6%. Generally it is to state that both groups are very interested in the horses’ pedigree. Contradictions have been seen regarding a less dedication in breeding with German stallions in future. The breeders would favour such a development. Fact is that Austrian breeders mostly take sperms from Austrian stallions and so it results that the breeder’s main focus of attention is the Austrian warmblood in the pedigree of stallions. The Oldaustrian warmblood unfortunately cannot shake off the understanding as a military horse. Last but not least you can see it in result that despite of good conformation both parties, riders and breeders, do not see the Oldaustrian warmblood in modern sport disciplines, they see such horses only in the nonprofessional sector of horse sport and for sure in re-breeding the old lines. Both groups saw the horse with middle length of neck and back and steeply cut croup. This could be seen as positive fact for riding ability but in contrast is the steeply cut shoulder and plate withers. For the neck’s composition were the groups not able to give significant decision if high or low. In conformation you can see the breeder’s routine because of their stricter results. For a better image of Oldaustrian warmblood it would be necessary to show these horses as qualified sport partner and not reduce this breed on historical events and shows. Maybe you perform showjumping and dressage acts in highest class to show all qualities of the horses. Maybe with such activities you could push up the Oldaustrian warmblood’s image.


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