The four root lines of Oldaustrian warmblood - namely Nonius, Furioso, Przedswit
and Gidran - established themselves mainly in the period of the dual monarchy from
the late 18th century. Bábolna (Hungary), Mezöhegyes (Hungary), Radautz
(Romania) and Stadl-Paura (Austria) were the largest stud farms of the dual
monarchy. The use of horses bred in these stables was in military service.
Today, the four blood lines are best known under the term of "Oldaustrian
warmblood". The todays peoples knowledge was my questionnaires base.
The type and the characteristics of Oldaustrian warmblood are nearly the same as
those of Austrian warmblood. In both cases you want to see a noble warmblood
horse with proportional parts of the body and that is able to goal all claims of the
modern horsesport. The circumference of the cannon is identical and the shoulders
height takes also place in the similar range.
The questionnaires result shows that the present breeding of Austrian warmblood
horses is only minimal influenced by the old bloodlines. Only three people (horse
owner and rider) of 90 persons of the representative sample could specify that the
blood lines are involved in the pedigree of their horses. Of course there are only 2%
bloodlines of the Oldaustrian warmblood in the todays modern Austrian warmblood.
Nevertheless, it is gratifying to see that the bloodlines of Nonius, Furioso, Przedswit
and Gidran are well-known even in this day and age. But this fact is also covered by
result that most of the breeders are interested in the history of Austrian warmblood.
Moreover you can see that both sides, riders and breeders, are very interested in
their horses pedigree riders 63,3% and breeders 85,6%. Generally it is to state that
both groups are very interested in the horses pedigree.
Contradictions have been seen regarding a less dedication in breeding with German
stallions in future. The breeders would favour such a development. Fact is that
Austrian breeders mostly take sperms from Austrian stallions and so it results that the
breeders main focus of attention is the Austrian warmblood in the pedigree of
The Oldaustrian warmblood unfortunately cannot shake off the understanding as a
military horse. Last but not least you can see it in result that despite of good
conformation both parties, riders and breeders, do not see the Oldaustrian
warmblood in modern sport disciplines, they see such horses only in the nonprofessional
sector of horse sport and for sure in re-breeding the old lines. Both
groups saw the horse with middle length of neck and back and steeply cut croup.
This could be seen as positive fact for riding ability but in contrast is the steeply cut
shoulder and plate withers. For the necks composition were the groups not able to
give significant decision if high or low. In conformation you can see the breeders routine because of their stricter results.
For a better image of Oldaustrian warmblood it would be necessary to show these
horses as qualified sport partner and not reduce this breed on historical events and
shows. Maybe you perform showjumping and dressage acts in highest class to show
all qualities of the horses. Maybe with such activities you could push up the
Oldaustrian warmbloods image.