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Selected Publication:

Type of publication: Journal Article
Type of document: Full Paper

Year: 2006

Authors: Hagmüller, W; Jugl-Chizzola, M; Zitterl-Eglseer, K; Gabler, C; Spergser, J; Chizzola, R; Franz, C

Title: The use of Thymi Herba as feed additive (0.1%, 0.5%, 1.0%) in weanling piglets with assessment of the shedding of haemolysing E. coli and the detection of thymol in the blood plasma.

Source: Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr. 2006; 119(1-2):50-54

Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Chizzola Remigius
Franz Chlodwig
Jugl-Chizzola Martina
Spergser Joachim
Zitterl-Eglseer Karin

Vetmed Research Units
Institute of Animal Nutrition and Functional Plant Compounds
Institute of Microbiology

Project(s): Thyme in the rearing of piglets

Thymi Herba (Thymus vulgaris, rubbed) was given as feed additive to weanling piglets. 3 concentrations (0.1%, 0.5%, 1%) were tested against a control group. Rectal swabs were collected weekly and were sent in for bacterial testing. The shedding of haemolysing E. coli was evaluated. There was no significant difference in the shedding of haemolysing E. coli between the 4 groups. Neither was there a difference in the distribution of the various serotypes. Thymol was detected in the blood plasma in all thyme groups. The increase in thymol level with greater amounts of thyme herb was significant. Three days after withdrawal of the feed additive no thymol levels were detected. The study results did not reveal any effects on haemolysing E. coli in the gut.

Keywords Pubmed: Animals
Animals, Newborn
Anti-Infective Agents/blood*
Dietary Supplements
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Escherichia coli Infections/drug therapy
Escherichia coli Infections/veterinary*
Plant Extracts/therapeutic use*
Random Allocation
Swine Diseases/drug therapy*
Thymus Plant/chemistry*
Treatment Outcome

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