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Publication type: Journal Article
Document type: Full Paper

Year: 2010

Author(s): Rizwan, M; Miller, I; Tasneem, F; Böhm, J; Gemeiner, M; Razzazi-Fazeli, E

Title: Proteome analysis of Aspergillus ochraceus.

Source: Mycotoxin Res. 2010; 26(3):171-180

Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Böhm Josef
Gemeiner Manfred
Miller Ingrid
Razzazi-Fazeli Ebrahim

Vetmed Research Units
Institute for Medical Biochemistry
Institute of Animal Nutrition and Functional Plant Compounds

Genome sequencing for many important fungi has begun during recent years; however, there is still some deficiency in proteome profiling of aspergilli. To obtain a comprehensive overview of proteins and their expression, a proteomic approach based on 2D gel electrophoresis and MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry was used to investigate A. ochraceus. The cell walls of fungi are exceptionally resistant to destruction, therefore two lysis protocols were tested: (1) lysis via manual grinding using liquid nitrogen, and (2) mechanical lysis via rapid agitation with glass beads using MagNalyser. Mechanical grinding with mortar and pestle using liquid nitrogen was found to be a more efficient extraction method for our purpose, resulting in extracts with higher protein content and a clear band pattern in SDS-PAGE. Two-dimensional electrophoresis gave a complex spot pattern comprising proteins of a broad range of isoelectric points and molecular masses. The most abundant spots were subjected to mass spectrometric analysis. We could identify 31 spots representing 26 proteins, most of them involved in metabolic processes and response to stress. Seventeen spots were identified by de novo sequencing due to a lack of DNA and protein database sequences of A. ochraceus. The proteins identified in our study have been reported for the first time in A. ochraceus and this represents the first proteomic approach with identification of major proteins, when the fungus was grown under submerged culture.

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