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Publication type: Journal Article
Document type: Full Paper

Year: 2004

Author(s): Winter, P; Hochsteiner, W; Chizzola, R

Title: [Use of copper oxide wire particles (Copinox) for the prevention of congenital copper deficiency in a herd of German Improved Fawn breed of goat].

Source: Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr. 2004; 111(10):395-397


Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Chizzola Remigius
Winter Petra

Vetmed Research Units
University Clinic for Ruminants, Clinical Unit of Ruminant Medicine
Institute of Animal Nutrition and Functional Plant Compounds


Abstract:
In a herd of German Improved Fawn breed of goat in the year 2000 neonatal kid losses due to congenital copper deficiencies were observed. To clarify the problems and to prevent losses in the next breeding season serum copper levels of 10 dams and four control Boer goats were investigated at four time points during one year. Additionally ten kids of the following year were sampled and the serum copper levels were studied. Immediatly after parturition and 8 weeks later the dams showed low serum copper levels (10.4 +/- 11.1 micromol/l, 5.7 +/- 2.9 micromol/l resp.). At the end of the pasture season an increase of serum copper could be measured (19.3 +/- 16.0 micromol/l). To prevent enzootic ataxia due to congenital copper deficiency, the dams were treated with copper oxide wire particles in the next late gestation. At this time point serum copper concentrations started to decrease (18.5 +/- 8.4 micromol/l). The re-examination 3 month later demonstrated an increase of the serum mean copper concentrations up to 23.4 micromol/l in the dams and to 16.2 micromol/l in the kids. The serum copper levels were significantly higher compared to the levels the year before. Big variation of the serum copper levels in the control Boer goats occurred during the year, but no clinical symptoms of copper deficiency could be observed. The copper levels in the grass and soil samples were 6.8 mg/kg and 0.2 mg/kg dry substance, respectively. A secondary copper deficiency based on cadmium could be excluded through the low levels of soil samples. The contents of sulphur and molybdenum were not determined. The results indicate that the German Improved Fawn breed of goats suffered from a primary copper deficiency due to the inefficient mineral supplementation. The administration of Copinox in the last third of the gestation leads to a continious raising of the copper concentrations in the serum and is suited to prevent ataxia due to congential copper deficiency in neonatal kids.

Keywords Pubmed: Animals
Animals, Newborn/blood
Copper/blood*
Copper/deficiency*
Copper/therapeutic use*
Female
Goat Diseases/congenital
Goat Diseases/prevention & control*
Goats
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications/drug therapy
Pregnancy Complications/veterinary
Seasons


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