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Publication type: Diploma Thesis

Year: 2012

Author(s): Schuster, Brigitte

Title: Charakterisierung des ätherischen Öls der Meisterwurz (Peucedanum ostruthium, Apiaceae).

Other title: Composition of the essential oil from master wort (Peucedanum ostruthium, Apiaceae)

Source: Diplomarbeit, Vet. Med. Univ. Wien, pp. 76.


Advisor(s):

Chizzola Remigius

Reviewer(s):
Zitterl-Eglseer Karin

Vetmed Research Units:
Institute of Animal Nutrition and Functional Plant Compounds


Graduation date: 09.04.13


Abstract:
The diploma thesis describes the essential oil of the Peucedanum ostruthium (Apiaceae) from four different populations (Styria, Carinthia and Salzburg), that were grown from seeds in Groß- Enzersdorf. The variability of the essential oil between the populations and the plant parts has been investigated by GC/MS. β-Phellandrene, E-β-ocimene and α-humulene determine the composition of the essential oil of the flowers. Leaves were higher in sabinene, germacrene-D and β-caryophyllene than the inflorescences, whereas the flowers were richer in β-phellandrene, Z-β-ocimene, α-humulene than the leaves. The quantity of essential oil varies greatly with the leaves` age. The fruits were rich in β-phellandrene (more than 60%) and α-pinene (2-40%) and obtained only small percentages of sesquiterpenes, mainly β-caryophyllene and α-humulene. The results illustrate that there are significant variabilities in the quantity of the different essential oil components between the populations and between different plant agents. The population A was very rich in myrcene, whereas the populations C and D had higher concentrations in sabinene and Z-β-ocimene. The concentrations of the essential oil components of population B were between those of Population A and C/D.


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