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Selected Publication:

Type of publication: Journal Article
Type of document: Full Paper

Year: 2015

Authors: Nguyen, DT; Bilic, I; Jaskulska, B; Hess, M; Le, DQ; Le Hua, LN; Huynh, VV; Nguyen, ST; Vu-Khac, H

Title: Prevalence and Genetic Characterization of Histomonas meleagridis in Chickens in Vietnam.

Source: Avian Dis. 2015; 59(2):309-314



Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Bilic Ivana
Hess Michael
Jaskulska Barbara

Vetmed Research Units
University Clinic for Poultry and Fish Medicine, Clinical Unit of Poultry Medicine


Abstract:
This study was performed to investigate the prevalence and to characterize the genetic diversity of Histomonas meleagridis isolates in chickens in southern Vietnam. A total of 194 chickens, randomly selected from 18 backyard and 18 commercial flocks, were screened for H. meleagridis infection using both macroscopic diagnosis and an 18S rRNA gene-based PCR method. Overall, 12.9% of birds, representing 19 flocks, showed gross lesions typical for histomonosis whereas 25.3% of the birds from 29 flocks were positive by PCR assay. Following initial diagnostic approaches, H. meleagridis-positive samples were further analyzed by sequencing three different genomic loci; the 18S rRNA, alpha-actinin1, and rpb1. Thirteen samples from 12 flocks were genetically identified as H. meleagridis, demonstrating a flock and sample prevalence of 33.3% and 6.7%, respectively. There was no significant difference in prevalence between different farm types, age groups, and seasonality. Genetic analysis demonstrated minor heterogeneity of Vietnamese isolates with 99% homology to H. meleagridis sequences from the database. This is the first survey of the prevalence and genetic characterization of H. meleagridis in chickens in Vietnam.

Keywords Pubmed: Animals
Chickens*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Poultry Diseases/epidemiology
Poultry Diseases/parasitology*
Prevalence
Protozoan Infections, Animal/epidemiology
Protozoan Infections, Animal/parasitology*
Trichomonadida/genetics*
Vietnam/epidemiology


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