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Type of publication: Journal Article
Type of document: Full Paper

Year: 2020

Authors: Awad, WA; Awad, WA; Ruhnau, D; Ruhnau, D; Hess, C; Hess, C; Hess, M; Hess, M

Title: Campylobacter jejuni increases the paracellular permeability of broiler chickens in a dose-dependent manner.

Source: Poult Sci. 2020; 99(11):5407-5414

Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Awad Wageha
Hess Claudia
Hess Michael
Ruhnau Daniel

Vetmed Research Units
University Clinic for Poultry and Fish Medicine, Clinical Unit of Poultry Medicine

Project(s): Selected nutrition-related strategies to reduce the Campylobacter burden in chickens

Tight junctions in chicken gut and Campylobacter infection

In recent years, several studies emphasize the deleterious effects of Campylobacter jejuni on the chicken intestine. In this context, it was shown that C. jejuni, contrary to the general belief, has a negative influence on the gut barrier in chickens. More precisely, we demonstrated that C. jejuni affects gut physiology characterized by changes in ion transport and transepithelial ion conductance, but the underlying mechanism is yet to be investigated. In the actual study, to determine epithelial paracellular permeability, the mucosal to serosal flux of 14C-mannitol in the small and large intestine was measured applying Ussing chamber. A total of seventy-five 1-day-old Ross 308 broiler chickens were housed in floor pens on wood shavings with feed and water provided ad libitum. Birds were randomly allocated to 3 different groups (n = 25 with 5 replicates/group) and infected at 14 d of age with a high (108 colony forming units [CFU]) or a low (104 CFU) dose of C. jejuni and a third group kept as noninfected control. Infection with the low dose of C. jejuni resulted in delayed cecal colonization but equalized at 21 d postinfection, independent of the dose. Invasion of liver and spleen with C. jejuni was only noticed in birds infected with 108 (CFU). Body weight (BW) and body weight gain of all birds infected with C. jejuni were lower than in the control group and varied with the dose of infection, confirming a negative correlation between the infection dose and birds BW. Mannitol flux in jejunum and cecum was significantly (P < 0.05) higher in all C. jejuni infected birds compared with control birds. Likewise, significant differences in mannitol flux of both jejunum and cecum were detected depending on the infection dose of C. jejuni. The correlation analyses revealed a positive relationship between Campylobacter dose and mannitol flux of both jejunum and cecum. Altogether, the actual results emphasize that the adverse effect of C. jejuni on gut permeability arises in a dose-dependent manner.Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.

Keywords Pubmed: Animals
Campylobacter Infectionsimmunologyveterinary
Campylobacter jejuni
Cell Membrane Permeabilityimmunology
Intestinal Mucosacytologyimmunologymicrobiology
Poultry Diseasesimmunologymicrobiology

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