The aim of this study is the documentation of the temporal and spatial distribution of the rabies epidemic in Austria from 1945 to 2003 and the illustration of geographical maps.
After geo-referencing (allocation of the goegraphic coordinates) the available data, the spatial-temporal structure of these data was visualised using a geographical information system.
The first silvatic rabies cases were discovered in Lower Austria in 1948. Up to this year in the south eastern regions of Autria rabies was caused by domestic animal. Restrictive policy leads to an eradication from 1957 till 1965. The next epidemic reached Austria 1966 in Tirol and is ongoing until now.
From Tirol the rabies has spread eastwards with a transmission speed of 40-45km/year. The first peak was reached in 1978, the second one 1990.
Since all classical rabies conrol measures failed, in 1991 the oral immunisation of foxes was introduced in the entire region of Austria.
Since 2000 only single rabies cases have been reported in districts near borders of Carinthia and Burgenland.