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Publication type: Journal Article
Document type: Full Paper

Year: 2016

Author(s): Rubel, F; Brugger, K; Pfeffer, M; Chitimia-Dobler, L; Didyk, YM; Leverenz, S; Dautel, H; Kahl, O

Title: Geographical distribution of Dermacentor marginatus and Dermacentor reticulatus in Europe.

Source: Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2016; 7(1):224-233



Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Brugger Katharina
Rubel Franz

Vetmed Research Units
Unit of Veterinary Public Health and Epidemiology


Abstract:
The goal of this paper is to present up-to-date maps depicting the geographical distribution of Dermacentor species in Europe based on georeferenced sampling sites. Therefore, a dataset was compiled, resulting in 1286 D. marginatus (Sulzer, 1776) and 1209 D. reticulatus (Fabricius, 1794) locations. Special emphasis is given to the region of the European Alps depicting a presumable climate barrier of the mountains and to overlaps in the distribution of both species as well as on the situation in eastern European countries. For the latter newly described Dermacentor findings comprise 59 locations in Romania and 62 locations in Ukraine. The geographical distributions of both species in Europe range from Portugal to Ukraine (and continue to the east of Kazakhstan). Although it is well known that D. marginatus is adapted to a warmer and drier climate at more southern latitudes and D. reticulatus to a moderately moist climate at more northern latitudes, the distribution limits of both species were not well known. Here, the northern and southern distribution limits for both species in Europe, as determined from the georeferenced database, were specified for D. marginatus by the belt of 33-51° N latitude and for D. reticulatus by the belt of 41-57° N latitude. Thus, overlapping species distributions were found between 41° N and 51° N.

Keywords Pubmed: Animal Distribution/physiology*
Animals
Climate
Dermacentor/classification*
Dermacentor/microbiology
Dermacentor/physiology
Ecosystem
Europe
Species Specificity


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