University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna - Research portal

Selected Publication:

Publication type: Journal Article
Document type: Full Paper

Year: 2009

Author(s): Tenhagen, BA; Fetsch, A; Stuhrenberg, B; Schleuter, G; Guerra, B; Hammerl, JA; Hertwig, S; Kowall, J; Kampe, U; Schroeter, A; Braunig, J; Kasbohrer, A; Appel, B

Title: Prevalence of MRSA types in slaughter pigs in different German abattoirs

Source: Vet Rec. 2009; 165(20): 589-593.

Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Käsbohrer Annemarie

To investigate the prevalence of types of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in slaughter pigs in German abattoirs, nasal swabs were collected from a total of 1026 pigs in five abattoirs after stunning in the course of two studies, and examined for MRSA. Study I included four abattoirs; study 2 was carried out in one large abattoir. Isolates were tested for antimicrobial susceptibility and characterised using spa-typing, multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and typing of the staphylococcal cassette chromosome, SCCmec. Overall, MRSA was isolated from 70.8 per cent of 520 samples in study I and from 49.0 per cent of 506 samples in study 2. The proportion of positive samples varied substantially between the abattoirs in study 1. Most isolates belonged to spa-types t011 and t034 and SCCmec types III and V. MLST of selected isolates revealed that they were all MLST ST398. Besides beta-lactams, 100 per cent of the isolates were resistant to tetracycline, 80.5 per cent were resistant to erythromycin and 80.7 per cent were resistant to clindamycin. Less than S per cent of the isolates were resistant to other antimicrobials.

© University of Veterinary Medicine ViennaHelp and Downloads