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Type of publication: Journal Article
Type of document: Full Paper

Year: 2020

Authors: Bitaraf Sani, M; Zare Harofte, J; Bitaraf, A; Esmaeilkhanian, S; Banabazi, MH; Salim, N; Teimoori, A; Shafei Naderi, A; Faghihi, MA; Burger, PA; Silawi, M; Taghipour Sheshdeh, A

Title: Genome-Wide Diversity, Population Structure and Demographic History of Dromedaries in the Central Desert of Iran.

Source: Genes (Basel). 2020; 11(6):599



Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Burger Pamela

Vetmed Research Units
Research Institute of Wildlife Ecology


Project(s): Characterization of the immunogenome in Old World camelids


Abstract:
The development of camel husbandry for good production in a desert climate is very important, thus we need to understand the genetic basis of camels and give attention to genomic analysis. We assessed genome-wide diversity, linkage disequilibrium (LD), effective population size (Ne) and relatedness in 96 dromedaries originating from five different regions of the central desert of Iran using genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS). A total of 14,522 Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) with an average minor allele frequency (MAF) of 0.19 passed quality control and filtering steps. The average observed heterozygosity in the population was estimated at 0.25 ± 0.03. The mean of LD at distances shorter than 40 kb was low ( r


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