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Type of publication: Doctoral Thesis
Type of document:

Year: 2004

Authors: Meschan, E

Title: Der Einfluss der Kammerweite des Sattels auf die Druckverteilung unter dem Sattel und das Bewegungsmuster des Pferdes.

Source: Dissertation, Vet. Med. Univ. Wien, pp. 136.


Peham Christian

This study was part of a saddle-project supported by the FFF in corporation with the saddlery Nieders├╝├č. 19 horses of different breeds and ages were checked for lameness and back problems according to a standardized examination protocol. After at least 3 training sessions they were measured on the treadmill at walk and trot at a speed determined to be suitable for the horse, wearing 3 dressage saddles only differing in the tree widths. The rider was the same for all measurements. Reflective markers were affixed to the horse and rider and their movements were recorded and processed by a high-speed video system. For collecting the kinetic data a pressure measuring saddle pad was used. For statistic purposes the saddles were classed into the categories fitting, too narrow and too wide according to the total force at walk and trot. This resulted in 19 fitting, 13 too narrow and 24 too wide saddles. The saddle pad was divided into transversal and longitudinal thirds. Too narrow saddles showed higher values in the hind third and too wide saddles in the middle third. In the longitudinal thirds the too wide saddles had significantly higher values close to the spine at walk and in the middle area at trot. The kinematic analysis of the stride length and the height of the stride showed no statistically significant differences between saddles. It was concluded that ill-fitting saddles show an uneven pressure distribution and additional restrict the lateral movement of the spine.

Kinematic analysis / kinetic analysis / pressure distribution / saddle-fitting / saddle pressure pad / tree width

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