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Prädisponierende Faktoren in Nationale und Haltung für die Erkrankung an Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) in einer österreichischen, männlichen Katzenpopulation: eine retrospektive Studie.
Predisposing factors for feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) in an Austrian, male cat population: a retrospective study.
Diplomarbeit, Vet. Med. Univ. Wien, pp. 51.
Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) is a disease affecting the urinary bladder and urethra of cats and becoming more apparent clinically (Roger A. Hostutler et al., 2005). 13% of male and castrated male cats hospitalized at the Veterinary University of Vienna during the period of 01.01.2008-01.01.2011 were treated because of FLUTD. The underlying causes are manifoldly, including bacterial, viral or mycotic infection, trauma, urolithiasis, urethral obstruction, behavioral disorder, anatomic malformations, neoplasia or idiopathic inflammation. The diagnostic work-up includes physical examination, urinalysis, blood analysis and imaging of the abdomen. If no underlying cause can be found, the general term idiopathic FLUTD or feline idiopathic cystitis (FIC) is used. Treatment of FLUTD is determined by the underlying cause. Whereas idiopathic FLUTD requires owner compliance with a wide change of living environment and owner interaction, infectious causes of FLUTD can be treated with antimicrobial agents. Uroliths most often consist of magnesium ammonium phosphate (struvite) or calcium oxalate. Depending on the composition they can be treated with calculolytic diets or have to be removed surgically. There are multiple studies investigating predisposing conditions for developing FLUTD, which found overweight, sedentary, castrated male Persian cats to have increased risk (P. Willeberg und W.A. Priester, 1976; Roger A. Hostutler et al., 2005). Indoor housing, dry food diets, high stress levels and few available litter boxes have been described as risk factors as well (C. A. Tony Buffington et al., 2006; John M. Kruger et al., 2008; Jodi Westropp und C. A. Tony Buffington, 2004). Cats between 2-6 years of age showed increased risk for idiopathic FLUTD, while cats > 10 years showed increased risk for bacterial urinary tract infections (Chalermpol Lekcharoensuk et al., 2001; Christina Coenen und Reto Neiger, 2007).