Question The hypothesis of this thesis was that 70% of all sport injuries for greyhounds described in the literature can be attributed to fractures of the tarsal joint.
Materials and methods
In order to find publications about sports injuries in greyhounds, the search engines PubMed, Scopus, Scirus, ISI Web of Knowledge, and the catalog of the University Library of the University of veterinary medicine were used. Then the studies were evaluated to the type of the injury and the affected areas.
Results The evaluation of the studies showed that not fractures of the tarsal joint, but injuries of the toes with 1,028 (25,63%) of 4,011 injuries represented the majority. A detailed interpretation was difficult, because many studies did not disclose exact data on the affected extremities, gender of the injured dogs or racetrack style. As described in the literature, the left front and right hind limb and male greyhounds are the most frequently injured. The location of the affected regions and most injuries were described for the right side of the hind limbs of muscle, tarsus and metatarsus, and on the left side of the fore leg for the toes, tendons, carpus and metacarpus.
The evaluation of the studies showed that an interpretation of the results is difficult because many studies do not specify exact data concerning limb localization of injury, gender and race-track conditions. In 2,717 detailed recorded injuries the toes were defined as the most affected with 1,028 (25,63%) injuries. This may be because of the high number of old publications included, where possible more often grass was still used as a racing surface. The most common location described in the literature of the left front and right hind limb was confirmed, which are due to the left-handed tracks and the resulting exposure of the extremities. Through the inward position, the inner leg of the left side is loaded, whereby the leg joints are under increased strain. The tarsus as the second most common site of injury could make up the majority with more accurate information of the examined studies.