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Selected Publication:

Publication type: Diploma Thesis

Year: 2014

Author(s): Heckel, Isabel

Title: Use of umbilical cord clamps for ovariectomy in sheep.

Other title: Der Gebrauch von Nabelklemmen bei der Ovarektomie von Schafen

Source: Diplomarbeit, Vet. Med. Univ. Wien, pp. 45.


Brem Gottfried

Besenfelder Urban

Vetmed Research Units:
Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Unit of Reproductive Biology

Graduation date: 27.06.14

The present study on sheep as an animal model was primarily conducted to induce osteoporosis. As a side effect, it was an aim to show an alternative to conventional ligature of the hilus of an excised ovary that is cheaper, easier and faster than the conventional approach. The range of available animal models is large. The decision to use sheep as animal model was because they have a similar hormone profile as compared to the human, they are docile and easy to handle and the emotional binding between sheep and humans is less intense than with some other species. Furthermore, ewes can be housed in groups without suffering stress. In view of the side-effects of osteoporosis, expected to occur as a result of ovariectomy, sheep models are also appropriate because of the reasons mentioned before as well as the size, what enables one to establish prosthetic implantats, if orthopedic research is being performed. The sheep were ovariectomized by the laparoscopic approach to reduce post-operative pain and surgical time. Twenty-four healthy ewes, aged between 6 and 10 years were used. In 12 ewes, ligation of the ovarian stump was done by standard triple ligature with PGA (PGA, 2 USP, WDT, 30827 Garbsen). In the remaining 12 ewes, ligation was accomplished by umbilical cord clamps. After approximately 24 months, ewes were euthanized and necropsied to examine the degree of adhesion formation. Referring to the search for an alternative for standard triple ligature, the results were quite interesting. Indeed it took less time to use the umbilical cord clamps, it was cheaper and easier to handle. In 5 out of 12 sheep, adhesions or loosened clamps were seen, but no signs of inflammation or insufficient control of hemorrhage. In conclusion, umbilical cord clamps are a useful and safe alternative to the standard triple ligature and may thus be recommended. Moreover, twenty months after the ovariectomy was conducted, measurement of bone mineral density was performed by qCT. QCT is the most reliable technique to obtain a reliable result. Contrary to results of other studies, in the present project, sheep did not show signs of bone loss as a consequence of the ovariectomy.

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