In this thesis draught horse breeds of Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Great Britain, Ireland, Latvia, Norway, Poland, and Sweden were described. Relevant data about the actual and historical developments of the studied horse breeds were collected via literature and web research. Additional a survey was carried out with the official breeding association. Unfortunately only the feedback from Denmark and Poland could be evaluated. The breeding history, the breed standard, the breeding program, the actual population parameters and the important stud farms and training centers are described for all breeds. For a better understanding the agricultural conditions of each country have been presented. Draught horse breeds used to be essential for farmers over centuries. Since the middle of the last century they lost their importance as working animal, because the mechanization of agriculture reached a level of nearly 100 percent. For the maintenance of these rare horse breeds new ways of breeding and conservation programs had to be found. In some Northern European countries the traditional “cold-blooded trotting racing sport” is still very popular which has positive effects on the populations. Most of the draught horse breeds could be recovered in the last couple of years. The main fields for nowadays draught horse breeds are tourism, hippotherapy, marketing for breweries, tradition and working power in forest and agriculture.